United States


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AGRICULTURE

 

Although agriculture employs a very low percentage of the working population, it is an essential sector of the American economy. Indeed, it makes the United States the strongest agricultural power in the world and plays a key role in the recovery of the country's commercial balance. The United States is, for example, the world's leading grain producer, mainly with corn and soybeans.


Agricultural population (in thousands)

Total population

297 043

Agricultural population

5 828

Non agricultural population

291 215

Source : 2004, FAOSTAT


Land use

Cultivated surface area

416 902 000

Irrigated surface area

22 385 000

Number of farms

n.c.

Number of tractors

4 760 000

Source : 2003, FAOSTAT


Production indicators

Main crops

Product Production (in thousands) Harvested surface (1000 ha) Yield by hectare (kg/ha)
Maize 282311 30399 9287
Soybeans 83368 28848 2890
Wheat 57280 20274 2825
Sugar cane 25308 373 67768
Sugar beet 25087 501 50038

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT

Livestock


Specie Headcount (in thousands)
Chickens 2035000
Cattle 95848
Turkeys 88000
Pigs 60645
Horses 9200

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT


Fishing (in metric tons)



Shellfish, mollusks and cephalopods Saltwater fish Freshwater fish
1 099 217 3 465 911 295 885

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT