Saudi Arabia


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AGRICULTURE

 

The kingdom aims at grains self-sufficiency. Wheat self-sufficiency has been reached since 1984. The Saudi agriculture lives thanks to subsidies. Indeed, considering the climatic and technical difficulties, each ton of wheat costs 300 dollars of subsidies.
Concerning the irrigation problem, thanks to Saudi researchers actions, the technique of the central pivot has allowed to save 400 m3 of water by hectare.


Agricultural population (in thousands)

Total population

24 919

Agricultural population

1 844

Non agricultural population

23 076

Source : 2004, FAOSTAT


Land use

Cultivated surface area

173 798 000

Irrigated surface area

1 620 000

Number of farms

n.c.

Number of tractors

9 930

Source : 2003, FAOSTAT


Production indicators

Main crops

Product Production (in thousands) Harvested surface (1000 ha) Yield by hectare (kg/ha)
Wheat 2648 490 5404
Dates 970 151 6439
Tomatoes 496 17 28644
Potatoes 441 18 24308
Watermelons 364 18 20081

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT

Livestock


Specie Headcount (in thousands)
Chickens 141000
Sheep 7000
Goats 2200
Cattle 350
Camels 260

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT


Fishing (in metric tons)



Shellfish, mollusks and cephalopods Saltwater fish Freshwater fish
24 061 47 722 2 734

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT