Hungary


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AGRICULTURE

 

Agriculture, vine-growing and breeding play a very important role in the Hungarian economy. Hungary is self-sufficient for almost all the soil products, it exports a quarter of its harvest. However, the sector remains very unsettled because of the questioning of the structures and the liberalization of prices and exchanges.


Agricultural population (in thousands)

Total population

9 831

Agricultural population

1 028

Non agricultural population

8 802

Source : 2004, FAOSTAT


Land use

Cultivated surface area

5 865 000

Irrigated surface area

230 000

Number of farms

714 790

Number of tractors

113 500

Source : 2003, FAOSTAT


Production indicators

Main crops

Product Production (in thousands) Harvested surface (1000 ha) Yield by hectare (kg/ha)
Maize 9050 2395 3779
Wheat 5088 1132 4494
Sugar beet 3516 62 57036
Barley 1190 623 1911
Sunflower seed 1108 511 2167

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT

Livestock


Specie Headcount (in thousands)
Chickens 32814
Pigs 4059
Turkeys 3592
Ducks 2797
Geese and guinea fowls 2127

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT


Fishing (in metric tons)



Shellfish, mollusks and cephalopods Saltwater fish Freshwater fish
n.c. 0 21 131

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT