India


Click on each topic for more information :

AGRICULTURE

 

The main productions of India are: rice, wheat, dried vegetables, oleaginous plants, sugar cane, cotton and hessian.
The Indian rural population represents 70% ot the total population and the country is self-sufficient from the food point of view. India is the first producer of tea, the second of sugar cane, rice and sorghum, the third of wheat and other grains. Indian production depends essentially on climatic conditions. Indeed, a good monsoon can bring a very good agricultural productivity.
Today, the agriculture which is in decline because of the progress of the industrialization represents a third of the Indian GDP.


Agricultural population (in thousands)

Total population

1 081 229

Agricultural population

559 656

Non agricultural population

521 573

Source : 2004, FAOSTAT


Land use

Cultivated surface area

180 000 000

Irrigated surface area

55 808 000

Number of farms

n.c.

Number of tractors

2 528 122

Source : 2003, FAOSTAT


Production indicators

Main crops

Product Production (in thousands) Harvested surface (1000 ha) Yield by hectare (kg/ha)
Sugar cane 232300 3602 64490
Rice paddy 136574 43399 3147
Wheat 72000 26493 2718
Potatoes 25000 1400 17853
Bananas 16820 680 24735

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT

Livestock


Specie Headcount (in thousands)
Chickens 430000
Cattle 185000
Goats 120000
Buffaloes 98000
Sheep 62500

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT


Fishing (in metric tons)



Shellfish, mollusks and cephalopods Saltwater fish Freshwater fish
583 940 2 368 585 3 194 024

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT