Iceland


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AGRICULTURE

 

Located at a latitude close to the one of Trondheim (Norway), Iceland (265,000 inhabitants) has a cold moderate Atlantic climate. There are only few in-soil cultures (potatoes, carrots) because of the short vegetative season. Moreover, there are almost no fruit trees. Consequently, the large majority of vegetables and the totallity of fruits are imported. Icelandic agriculture employs only 2% of the working population.
As far as fishing is concerned, it is more developed since it employs 8% of the working population, and a large part is exported.


Agricultural population (in thousands)

Total population

292

Agricultural population

22

Non agricultural population

270

Source : 2004, FAOSTAT


Land use

Cultivated surface area

2 281 000

Irrigated surface area

n.c.

Number of farms

n.c.

Number of tractors

10 789

Source : 2003, FAOSTAT


Production indicators

Main crops

Product Production (in thousands) Harvested surface (1000 ha) Yield by hectare (kg/ha)
Potatoes 14 1 18395
Tomatoes 2 0 377000
Cucumbers and gherkins 1 0 382333
Cabbages and other brassicas 0 0 17300
Carrots and turnips 0 0 15455

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT

Livestock


Specie Headcount (in thousands)
Sheep 452
Chickens 213
Horses 75
Cattle 63
Pigs 41

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT


Fishing (in metric tons)



Shellfish, mollusks and cephalopods Saltwater fish Freshwater fish
14 048 1 647 291 n.c.

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT