Israel


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AGRICULTURE

 

The part of the farming sector has been declining for several years whereas industry and services have been increasing their importance. Unlike the industry sector, public authorities are still in control of the primary sector. The farming sector depends on State subsidies.
The vegetables and flowers market are protected. Efforts were made to move the production of lemon from the centre of Israel to the South, in order to liberalize markets and systems related to exports.


Agricultural population (in thousands)

Total population

656

Agricultural population

150

Non agricultural population

6 411

Source : 2004, FAOSTAT


Land use

Cultivated surface area

552 000

Irrigated surface area

194 000

Number of farms

n.c.

Number of tractors

24 500

Source : 2003, FAOSTAT


Production indicators

Main crops

Product Production (in thousands) Harvested surface (1000 ha) Yield by hectare (kg/ha)
Potatoes 594 16 37114
Tomatoes 433 4 116615
Watermelons 335 16 20938
Grapefruit (inc, pomelos) 264 5 50294
Wheat 201 75 2677

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT

Livestock


Specie Headcount (in thousands)
Chickens 30828
Turkeys 4195
Geese and guinea fowls 1400
Sheep 435
Cattle 357

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT


Fishing (in metric tons)



Shellfish, mollusks and cephalopods Saltwater fish Freshwater fish
304 5 647 16 609

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT