Mexico


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AGRICULTURE

 

Mexican traditional agriculture has suffered from the opening of borders. The production of cotton and sugar has decreased after the drop in prices. Nevertheless, the farming sector did grow in 1999 with a 6% increase for the firts two quarters' performance.


Agricultural population (in thousands)

Total population

104 931

Agricultural population

22 164

Non agricultural population

82 767

Source : 2004, FAOSTAT


Land use

Cultivated surface area

107 300 000

Irrigated surface area

6 320 000

Number of farms

n.c.

Number of tractors

324 890

Source : 2003, FAOSTAT


Production indicators

Main crops

Product Production (in thousands) Harvested surface (1000 ha) Yield by hectare (kg/ha)
Sugar cane 45195 636 71084
Maize 18012 6606 2727
Sorghum 5524 1599 3454
Oranges 4113 317 12962
Wheat 3015 635 4752

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT

Livestock


Specie Headcount (in thousands)
Chickens 425000
Cattle 31800
Pigs 14625
Goats 8992
Ducks 8100

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT


Fishing (in metric tons)



Shellfish, mollusks and cephalopods Saltwater fish Freshwater fish
275 046 1 009 506 124 884

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT