Philippines


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AGRICULTURE

 

Agriculture in The Philippines employs 42% of the working population and accounts for more than 20% of the GDP. The agricultural growth (2.7% in 1997) has weakened slightly compared to the previous year (3.7%). The agricultural results have been affected by the decline in volume of the rice-growing production in a 5.9 %, the fall of the sugar cane production (-3.6 %) and the negative results of the forest sector (-14.2 %). Reforms are still expected in this sector which remains affected by climatic hazards as in many other countries.


Agricultural population (in thousands)

Total population

81 408

Agricultural population

30 078

Non agricultural population

51 330

Source : 2004, FAOSTAT


Land use

Cultivated surface area

12 200 000

Irrigated surface area

1 550 000

Number of farms

n.c.

Number of tractors

11 500

Source : 2003, FAOSTAT


Production indicators

Main crops

Product Production (in thousands) Harvested surface (1000 ha) Yield by hectare (kg/ha)
Sugar cane 20795 369 56370
Coconuts 14797 3242 4564
Rice paddy 14603 4200 3477
Bananas 6282 418 15036
Maize 5254 2569 2045

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT

Livestock


Specie Headcount (in thousands)
Chickens 136001
Pigs 12140
Ducks 10439
Goats 6500
Buffaloes 3327

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT


Fishing (in metric tons)



Shellfish, mollusks and cephalopods Saltwater fish Freshwater fish
219 099 1 958 356 257 404

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT