Poland


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AGRICULTURE

 

The Polish farming sector accounted for 6% of the GDP in 1998. There were serious losses in the agricultural sector after the floods of 1997. Furthermore, an important stock of cattle was lost and the grain crop dropped by a 6% compared to the previous year. The agricultural productivity increases slowly because of the medium surfaces of the farms. Polish agriculture was always characterized by the abundance of small private farms. This trend is the dismantling of the agricultural cooperative societies.


Agricultural population (in thousands)

Total population

38 551

Agricultural population

6 609

Non agricultural population

31 942

Source : 2004, FAOSTAT


Land use

Cultivated surface area

16 169 000

Irrigated surface area

100 000

Number of farms

2 476 470

Number of tractors

1 371 340

Source : 2003, FAOSTAT


Production indicators

Main crops

Product Production (in thousands) Harvested surface (1000 ha) Yield by hectare (kg/ha)
Sugar beet 11731 286 40992
Potatoes 10369 588 17631
Wheat 8771 2218 3954
Barley 3582 1113 3218
Rye 3404 1416 2404

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT

Livestock


Specie Headcount (in thousands)
Chickens 134424
Pigs 18112
Turkeys 7658
Ducks 6299
Cattle 5483

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT


Fishing (in metric tons)



Shellfish, mollusks and cephalopods Saltwater fish Freshwater fish
n.c. 127 120 41 035

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT