Russia


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AGRICULTURE

 

In 1997, grain production increased to amount 85 million tons. This corresponds to a yield of 19.9 quintals by hectare against 16.7 the previous year. Grain production amounts to only 53 million tons today. Since 1998, the agricultural production has been declining and the primary sector accounted for 6.5 % of the GDP in 1998.


Agricultural population (in thousands)

Total population

142 397

Agricultural population

13 453

Non agricultural population

128 944

Source : 2004, FAOSTAT


Land use

Cultivated surface area

216 277 000

Irrigated surface area

4 600 000

Number of farms

n.c.

Number of tractors

586 000

Source : 2003, FAOSTAT


Production indicators

Main crops

Product Production (in thousands) Harvested surface (1000 ha) Yield by hectare (kg/ha)
Wheat 47698 24619 1937
Potatoes 37280 3070 12145
Sugar beet 21420 759 28232
Barley 15791 8708 1814
Sunflower seed 6441 5411 1190

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT

Livestock


Specie Headcount (in thousands)
Chickens 328707
Cattle 22988
Sheep 15494
Pigs 13413
Turkeys 8518

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT


Fishing (in metric tons)



Shellfish, mollusks and cephalopods Saltwater fish Freshwater fish
131 004 2 646 109 189 173

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT