Turkey


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AGRICULTURE

 

Turkish agriculture pursues its modernization. It employs 45.8 % of the agricultural population and accounts for 15% of the GDP. These figures show the impoverishment of this social class.
The intensification of fights against the Kurds in 1994 led to the decline of wheat and beet productions. Today, the grain crops are still insufficient to cover the needs. An important agricultural project for the beginning of the next century should produce big changes in the Turkish agricultural production.


Agricultural population (in thousands)

Total population

7 232

Agricultural population

20 484

Non agricultural population

51 837

Source : 2004, FAOSTAT


Land use

Cultivated surface area

40 644 000

Irrigated surface area

5 215 000

Number of farms

n.c.

Number of tractors

997 620

Source : 2003, FAOSTAT


Production indicators

Main crops

Product Production (in thousands) Harvested surface (1000 ha) Yield by hectare (kg/ha)
Wheat 21000 9300 2258
Sugar beet 13800 336 41071
Tomatoes 9700 260 37308
Barley 9000 3599 2501
Potatoes 4170 160 26064

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT

Livestock


Specie Headcount (in thousands)
Chickens 296876
Sheep 25201
Cattle 10069
Goats 6609
Beehives 4590

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT


Fishing (in metric tons)



Shellfish, mollusks and cephalopods Saltwater fish Freshwater fish
47 089 399 896 22 468

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT