Iran


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AGRICULTURE

 

During the war against Iraq, some cultivable zones were battlefields and this led to an increasing dependence on foodstuffs. Iranian agriculture is still not self-sufficient in spite of considerable progresses in this activity. The main culture is wheat which covers 37% of arable lands. Grain surfaces and yields increased sharply since 1980. The other important cultures are citrus fruits, tea and pistachio nuts.
Fishing is developing especially in the Caspian Sea and the Persian Gulf. Besides, Iran is one of the main producers of caviar (about 20% of the world production).


Agricultural population (in thousands)

Total population

69 788

Agricultural population

17 157

Non agricultural population

52 632

Source : 2004, FAOSTAT


Land use

Cultivated surface area

63 012 000

Irrigated surface area

7 650 000

Number of farms

n.c.

Number of tractors

258 000

Source : 2003, FAOSTAT


Production indicators

Main crops

Product Production (in thousands) Harvested surface (1000 ha) Yield by hectare (kg/ha)
Wheat 14500 6499 2231
Sugar beet 5273 199 26514
Sugar cane 4723 55 86012
Potatoes 4284 195 21971
Tomatoes 4200 130 32308

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT

Livestock


Specie Headcount (in thousands)
Sheep 54000
Goats 26500
Cattle 8800
Beehives 3400
Turkeys 2000

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT


Fishing (in metric tons)



Shellfish, mollusks and cephalopods Saltwater fish Freshwater fish
22 393 324 708 111 534

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT