Kazakhstan


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AGRICULTURE

 

After a disappointing year in 1997, the president dismissed in January, 1998 and his Minister of the agriculture, got accused of inefficiency. The grain crop was under the estimates, but it allows the country to export. In March, 1998, N. Nazarbaev announced the launch of a reform of the farming sector, which forecasts the grant of a patch of land to each inhabitant in rural zones.


Agricultural population (in thousands)

Total population

15 403

Agricultural population

2 773

Non agricultural population

12 631

Source : 2004, FAOSTAT


Land use

Cultivated surface area

207 784 000

Irrigated surface area

3 556 000

Number of farms

n.c.

Number of tractors

50 000

Source : 2003, FAOSTAT


Production indicators

Main crops

Product Production (in thousands) Harvested surface (1000 ha) Yield by hectare (kg/ha)
Wheat 11066 8325 1329
Potatoes 2521 206 12267
1545
Watermelons 670 43 15569
Tomatoes 516 25 20640

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT

Livestock


Specie Headcount (in thousands)
Rabbits and hares 60000
Chickens 25500
Sheep 11409
Cattle 5204
Goats 2000

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT


Fishing (in metric tons)



Shellfish, mollusks and cephalopods Saltwater fish Freshwater fish
0 0 31 315

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT