Lithuania


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AGRICULTURE

 

Agriculture plays a key role in Lithuania. It employs about 20% of the working population and represents 13% of the GDP. About 70% of agricultural lands have been privatized, leading to an important division of farms which were highly underequipped. In 1995, the growth was only at a 1.8%, for agriculture, it increased sharply to reach 20% in 1996.


Agricultural population (in thousands)

Total population

3 422

Agricultural population

430

Non agricultural population

2 992

Source : 2004, FAOSTAT


Land use

Cultivated surface area

2 541 000

Irrigated surface area

7 000

Number of farms

252 950

Number of tractors

102 300

Source : 2003, FAOSTAT


Production indicators

Main crops

Product Production (in thousands) Harvested surface (1000 ha) Yield by hectare (kg/ha)
Wheat 1379 369 3733
Barley 948 349 2715
Potatoes 895 74 12098
Sugar beet 799 21 38096
Rapeseed 202 110 1828

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT

Livestock


Specie Headcount (in thousands)
Chickens 8228
Pigs 1073
Cattle 792
Rabbits and hares 97
Turkeys 93

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT


Fishing (in metric tons)



Shellfish, mollusks and cephalopods Saltwater fish Freshwater fish
n.c. 132 177 3 270

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT