Uzbkistan


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AGRICULTURE

 

As for economic reforms, the government of Ouzbekistan's republic gives a lot of importance to land reforms. Although there are several big industries in Uzbekistan, agriculture remains the leading economic activity.
The agriculture of Uzbekistan is rich, but it needs to be modernized. Capital are necesseray to make possible the use the best technologies.
The most important goals of investment in the farming sector are :
-Increase of the production of the bovine and farm-produce products
-Increase of the productivity and improvement of irrigation systems, improvement of seeds selections.
-Development of the delivery process, warehousing, processing, packaging, grain, vegetables, fruits etc. storage.


Agricultural population (in thousands)

Total population

26 479

Agricultural population

6 626

Non agricultural population

19 853

Source : 2004, FAOSTAT


Land use

Cultivated surface area

27 259 000

Irrigated surface area

4 281 000

Number of farms

n.c.

Number of tractors

170 000

Source : 2003, FAOSTAT


Production indicators

Main crops

Product Production (in thousands) Harvested surface (1000 ha) Yield by hectare (kg/ha)
Wheat 5928 1440 4117
Cottonseed 2470 1472 1678
Tomatoes 1317 66 19861
Potatoes 924 50 18554
Watermelons 609 36 17022

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT

Livestock


Specie Headcount (in thousands)
Rabbits and hares 92000
Chickens 20540
Sheep 9555
Cattle 6571
Goats 1797

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT


Fishing (in metric tons)



Shellfish, mollusks and cephalopods Saltwater fish Freshwater fish
0 0 5 425

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT