Slovakia


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AGRICULTURE

 

The Ministry of Agriculture of the Slovak Republic is the central authority of the State Administration. The ministry manages 4 important sectors of the state economy: agriculture, food industry, forest industry, hunting, fishing and waters development.
The Slovak Farm-produce Chamber (CHAAS) has an important position in the sector. There are 36 farm-produce chambers, 36 unions and professional associations and 28 non-productive organizations.
The basic rules of the land policy of Slovakia is: the long-term and permanent goals of land policy are the rational and effective exploitation of the agricultural soil potential, technical and human ressources for foodstuffs and non-dietary production, while respecting ecological requirements and the needs related to the protection of the landscape and to the preservation of the rural population.


Agricultural population (in thousands)

Total population

5 407

Agricultural population

438

Non agricultural population

4 969

Source : 2004, FAOSTAT


Land use

Cultivated surface area

2 236 000

Irrigated surface area

183 000

Number of farms

68 490

Number of tractors

22 615

Source : 2003, FAOSTAT


Production indicators

Main crops

Product Production (in thousands) Harvested surface (1000 ha) Yield by hectare (kg/ha)
Sugar beet 1733 33 52162
Wheat 1608 373 4311
Maize 1074 154 6970
Barley 739 205 3612
Potatoes 301 19 15756

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT

Livestock


Specie Headcount (in thousands)
Chickens 13619
Pigs 1108
Rabbits and hares 1000
Cattle 528
Sheep 320

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT


Fishing (in metric tons)



Shellfish, mollusks and cephalopods Saltwater fish Freshwater fish
0 0 1 820

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT