Syria


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AGRICULTURE

 

In Syria, priority is given to the agriculture sector ; this led to the implementation of projects of irrigation on the Oronte and Euphrate rivers and the grant of significant payments to farmers. This decision caused an increase of the agricultural production and the achievement of the food self-sufficiency for many strategic crops like wheat, olive, cotton and fruits.
In 1998, the surface of arable lands covered 5.1 million hectares which represent 32% of the territory. The irrigated lands cover 1.7 million hectares which represent 30% of arable lands. The production of cotton increased by a 55% (1.1 million tons against 0.7 millions previously). But the productions of wheat and barley dropped because of weak seasonal precipitation in 1997.


Agricultural population (in thousands)

Total population

18 223

Agricultural population

4 771

Non agricultural population

13 452

Source : 2004, FAOSTAT


Land use

Cultivated surface area

13 824 000

Irrigated surface area

1 333 000

Number of farms

n.c.

Number of tractors

106 745

Source : 2003, FAOSTAT


Production indicators

Main crops

Product Production (in thousands) Harvested surface (1000 ha) Yield by hectare (kg/ha)
Wheat 4669 1905 2450
Sugar beet 1150 25 46000
Tomatoes 946 15 64760
Barley 767 1326 579
Olives 620 500 1240

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT

Livestock


Specie Headcount (in thousands)
Chickens 23795
Sheep 19651
Goats 1296
Cattle 1083
Beehives 393

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT


Fishing (in metric tons)



Shellfish, mollusks and cephalopods Saltwater fish Freshwater fish
343 3 334 13 303

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT