Brazil


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AGRICULTURE

 

Agriculture plays a significant role in the economy of the country. Third agricultural GDP in the world, Brazil is one of the leading agricultural powers as regards to numerous productions. The government has strongly encouraged better yield of rural zones. Today, Brazil is the leading producer of coffee, 2nd for soya and sugar in the world and large producer of corn and oranges.
Numerous programs have been initiated over the last two decades to encourage farm products diversification and they gave excellent results.


Agricultural population (in thousands)

Total population

180 654

Agricultural population

25 869

Non agricultural population

154 786

Source : 2004, FAOSTAT


Land use

Cultivated surface area

263 600 000

Irrigated surface area

2 920 000

Number of farms

n.c.

Number of tractors

806 000

Source : 2003, FAOSTAT


Production indicators

Main crops

Product Production (in thousands) Harvested surface (1000 ha) Yield by hectare (kg/ha)
Sugar cane 422926 5794 72999
Soybeans 51182 23028 2223
Maize 35134 11516 3051
Manioc 25725 1886 13637
Oranges 17864 804 22224

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT

Livestock


Specie Headcount (in thousands)
Chickens 1100000
Cattle 207000
Pigs 33200
Turkeys 16200
Sheep 15200

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT


Fishing (in metric tons)



Shellfish, mollusks and cephalopods Saltwater fish Freshwater fish
151 782 433 101 414 465

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT