Venezuela


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AGRICULTURE

 

Venezuelian agriculture accounts for 4% of the GDP and it employs 12% of the working population. The arable areas represent 24% of the total surface. Venezuela is an important producer of banana and sugar cane (6 850 thousand tons). However, because agriculture is not self-sufficient, Venezuela has to import 60% of farm-produce products.
Thanks to its geographic situation, Venezuela benefits from optimal conditions to develop its agriculture. The current growth of the farming sector is at a 4.7%. The main farm products, apart from those listed afterwards, are : coffee, cocoa, sugar cane, cotton, sesame.
Venezuela is divided into two agricultural zones:
Zone1: the mountainous region of the coast which concentrates 52% of the population of the country (cultivated products: fruits, coffee, cocoa, milk and vegetables)
Zone2: Plains on the centre of the country (llanos): breeding cattle and different cultures.


Agricultural population (in thousands)

Total population

2 617

Agricultural population

2 129

Non agricultural population

24 041

Source : 2004, FAOSTAT


Land use

Cultivated surface area

21 640 000

Irrigated surface area

575 000

Number of farms

n.c.

Number of tractors

49 000

Source : 2003, FAOSTAT


Production indicators

Main crops

Product Production (in thousands) Harvested surface (1000 ha) Yield by hectare (kg/ha)
Sugar cane 9654 69020 140
Maize 2193 3262 673
1005 4651 216
Manioc 531 11320 47
Bananas 530 15098 35

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT

Livestock


Specie Headcount (in thousands)
Chickens 110000
Cattle 16615
Pigs 3264
Goats 1342
Sheep 525

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT


Fishing (in metric tons)



Shellfish, mollusks and cephalopods Saltwater fish Freshwater fish
101 200 336 210 53 925

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT