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Sugar cane remains the leading production of Cuba and represents about 80% of the exploited areas (in 1998-1999, the production reached 3,200 thousands tons). Unfavourable climatic conditions, the embargo imposed by the United States on its fertilizers and equipments supplies added to the scarcity of available fundings are the factors which started a decrease of the sugar production. Indeed, Cuba lost its leading position as a producer of sugar cane and in 1998, the country was ranked seventh in the world.
Tobacco is also a fundamental activity for Cuba and is ranked second from the prduction point of view, just before fishing, considered as the third resource of the Cuban primary sector.
As for fishing, since 1989 most fishing boats of Cuba no longer navigate, because of minimal maintenance lacks. At the same time, fish farming has developed to face the domestic demand. So, in 1996, the production reached 126,200 tons, wich represent an increase of 23% compared to 1995. The goals for 1997 were another 12.8% increase. As for exports, Cuba specializes in shellfish (lobsters and rock lobsters).

Agricultural population (in thousands)

Total population

11 328

Agricultural population

1 679

Non agricultural population

9 648

Source : 2004, FAOSTAT

Land use

Cultivated surface area

6 655 000

Irrigated surface area

870 000

Number of farms


Number of tractors

78 000

Source : 2003, FAOSTAT

Production indicators

Main crops

Product Production (in thousands) Harvested surface (1000 ha) Yield by hectare (kg/ha)
Sugar cane 11600 517 22429
Tomatoes 803 63 12730
Manioc 676 124 5460
Plantains 484 77 6310
Pumpkins, squash and gourds 455 88 5185

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT


Specie Headcount (in thousands)
Chickens 27440
Cattle 3950
Sheep 2361
Pigs 1626
Goats 1040

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT

Fishing (in metric tons)

Shellfish, mollusks and cephalopods Saltwater fish Freshwater fish
13 526 18 009 20 790

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT