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In spite of effort consented by Kuwait to develop the farming sector, it represented only 1% of the GDP in 1997. This situation results more from the nature of the climate and of the Kuwaiti soil than from investments operated to improve the agricultural production returns.
In 1997, Kuwait imported 1.027 billion dollars of foodstuffs. The fishing sector has not yet recovered of the catastrophic situation caused by the Gulf War in 1991.
Main Kuwaiti agricultural productions are fruits and vegetables, white and red meats and eggs.

Agricultural population (in thousands)

Total population

2 521

Agricultural population


Non agricultural population

2 494

Source : 2004, FAOSTAT

Land use

Cultivated surface area

154 000

Irrigated surface area

13 000

Number of farms


Number of tractors


Source : 2003, FAOSTAT

Production indicators

Main crops

Product Production (in thousands) Harvested surface (1000 ha) Yield by hectare (kg/ha)
nc. nc. nc. nc.

Source :


Specie Headcount (in thousands)
Chickens 32500
Sheep 900
Goats 150
Cattle 28
Camels 5

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT

Fishing (in metric tons)

Shellfish, mollusks and cephalopods Saltwater fish Freshwater fish
n.c. 2 993 185

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT