Rwanda


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AGRICULTURE

 

Rwanda is an African country where agriculture is the largest economical sector. Rwanda is mainly rural and 90% of the population, still extensive.
The primary food production consist of coffee, tea, maize, potatoes, rice, soybeans, sugar cane and wheat. The climate is temperate : two rainy seasons (February to April and November to January) but mild in the mountains.


Agricultural population (in thousands)

Total population

8 481

Agricultural population

7 644

Non agricultural population

837

Source : 2004, FAOSTAT


Land use

Cultivated surface area

1 935 000

Irrigated surface area

9 000

Number of farms

n.c.

Number of tractors

56

Source : 2003, FAOSTAT


Production indicators

Main crops

Product Production (in thousands) Harvested surface (1000 ha) Yield by hectare (kg/ha)
Plantains 2593 361 7178
Potatoes 1314 271 4852
Sweet potatoes 886 149 5963
Manioc 782 116 6756
Sorghum 228 197 1158

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT

Livestock


Specie Headcount (in thousands)
Chickens 2000
Goats 1340
Cattle 1004
Rabbits and hares 519
Sheep 464

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT


Fishing (in metric tons)



Shellfish, mollusks and cephalopods Saltwater fish Freshwater fish
n.c. 0 8 186

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT