Click on each topic for more information :



Agriculture holds a significant place in Armenia's economy, employing more than one-third of its population and contributing nearly 20% to GDP. Armenia mainly produces wheat, citrus fruits, wine grapes. Cotton and tobacco are the important industrial crops. Livestock is also raised. However, severe climatic conditions and topography, low level of land fertiility and limited access to irrigation-water hampers agricultural yield in the country. Agricultural areas are mostly located in valleys and mountain sides - only 28% of the country's land area is located below the altitude of 1,500 meters. The volcanic earth present in the country is appropriate for the culture of wheat.
The river belt of Arvax valley is well known for its agricultural fertility. Some regions (Marzes) like Shirak, Lori, Tavush, GeharKunik, Aragatzotn and Kotayksuffer are facing draught conditions; which remains a major obstacles to the development of agriculture in the country.

Agricultural population (in thousands)

Total population

3 052

Agricultural population


Non agricultural population

2 704

Source : 2004, FAOSTAT

Land use

Cultivated surface area

1 390 000

Irrigated surface area

286 000

Number of farms


Number of tractors

14 219

Source : 2003, FAOSTAT

Production indicators

Main crops

Product Production (in thousands) Harvested surface (1000 ha) Yield by hectare (kg/ha)
Potatoes 564 34 16446
Wheat 258 128 2026
Tomatoes 235 6 37347
Grapes 164 13 12197
Watermelons 118 4 30518

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT


Specie Headcount (in thousands)
Rabbits and hares 18432
Cattle 573
Sheep 557
Beehives 94
Pigs 89

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT

Fishing (in metric tons)

Shellfish, mollusks and cephalopods Saltwater fish Freshwater fish
0 0 615

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT

Useful links

Ministry of Agriculture, Republic of Armenia

European Association of Agricultural Economists (EAAE)

Organic Market in Armenia