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The contribution of agriculture sector to the economy of Malta is low due to the climatic and geological difficulties faced by the country. Agriculture constitutes only 2.3% to its GDP and employs only 1.7% of country's active population (as against an average of 4.3% in the European Union). Nearly 75% of the island's food requirements are met through import of the agricultural products.
The main crops are vegetables which include potatoes and cereals. Cattle and pig raising constitute a major part of the agricultural activity.

For more information on the agricultural sector of Malta, you can consult :
- The Agricultural Department of Ministry of Rural Affairs and Environment.
- A survey conducted in 2001 by the Mediterranean research institute on agricultural market of Malta
- The country records on the agriculture of Malta prepared in 2002 by the European Commission.

Agricultural population (in thousands)

Total population


Agricultural population


Non agricultural population


Source : 2004, FAOSTAT

Land use

Cultivated surface area

11 000

Irrigated surface area

2 000

Number of farms

11 070

Number of tractors


Source : 2003, FAOSTAT

Production indicators

Main crops

Product Production (in thousands) Harvested surface (1000 ha) Yield by hectare (kg/ha)
Potatoes 25 1 26247
Tomatoes 15 0 52346
Wheat 9 2 4273
Onions dry 7 0 19952
Pumpkins, squash and gourds 6 0 25232

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT


Specie Headcount (in thousands)
Chickens 1000
Rabbits and hares 180
Pigs 73
Cattle 18
Sheep 15

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT

Fishing (in metric tons)

Shellfish, mollusks and cephalopods Saltwater fish Freshwater fish
41 2 130 n.c.

Source : 2005, FAOSTAT