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In this page: Accounting Rules | Tax Rates | Intellectual Property | Legal Framework | Standards | Business Practices


Accounting Rules

Tax Year
The fiscal year begins on 1 January and ends on 31 December of the same year.
Accounting Standards
PAS (Philippine Accounting Standards)
Accounting Regulation Bodies
Board of Accountancy
Accounting Reports
The general balance sheet and/or the declaration written under oath of the non holding of an annual meeting, and the financial statements.
Publication Requirements
Companies must publish an annual financial report and submit it to the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC).
Professional Accountancy Bodies
PICPA , Philippine Institute of Certified Public Accountants
Certification and Auditing
The accounting framework was established by the Accounting Standards Council (ASC), created by the PICPA in November 1981, in order to establish and improve the general and analytical accounting standards.

The Institute of Internal Auditors – Philippines is the primary association of internal auditors in the Philippines.

Accounting News
Accounting Times
Journal of Accountancy

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Tax Rates

Consumption Taxes

Nature of the Tax
VAT (Value Added Tax)
Tax Rate
Reduced Tax Rate
Zero-rate for exports and several items.
Other Consumption Taxes
In addition to real estate taxes, local governments impose tax on nearly all businesses operating within their jurisdictions. Rates vary but are usually a small percentage of gross annual sales. Excise taxes are levied on wines and spirits, beer, cigarettes and tobacco products, lubricating oils and grease (including similar preparations and additives), processed gas, waxes, denatured alcohol, cinematographic films, saccharine, coal and coke, cars, non-essential goods (jewellery, yachts and other pleasure vessels), mineral products, naphtha and other similar products of distillation, asphalt, and petroleum and other fuel products.

For additional information access the Department of Finance website.

Learn more about Service Providers in the Philippines on, the Directory for International Trade Service Providers.

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Corporate Taxes

Company Tax
The rate is 30% on net income but there are some preferential rates and exemptions. Preferential rates vary from 2 to 20%. Regional headquarters are taxed at 10%.
Tax Rate For Foreign Companies
VAT is applied in the same way to residents and non residents. For additional information, consult the Bureau of Internal Revenue.
Capital Gains Taxation
In the Philippines, capital gains are taxed between 5% (on the first PHP 100.000) and 10% thereafter (for unlisted companies securities). Besides, capital gains on property, as for private individuals, is taxed at 6%.
Main Allowable Deductions and Tax Credits
The Omnibus Investment Code of 1987 and the Special Economic Zone Act of 1995 provide for fiscal incentives such as a suspension of income tax. For any additional information access the PKF Tax guide on the Philippines.
Other Corporate Taxes
Tax of 3 to 7% on companies in certain sectors (banking, insurance, finance, transport). Various duties apply at various rates depending on the type of document.
Other Domestic Resources
Consult Doing Business Website, to obtain a summary of the taxes and mandatory contributions.

Country Comparison For Corporate Taxation

  Philippines East Asia & Pacific United States Germany
Number of Payments of Taxes per Year 47.0 25.0 11.0 9.0
Time Taken For Administrative Formalities (Hours) 193.0 209.0 175.0 207.0
Total Share of Taxes (% of Profit) 46.6 34.5 46.7 46.8

Source: Doing Business - Last Available Data.

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Individual Taxes

Tax Rate

Income Tax Rates vary between 0 and 32% (higher rate for revenues over PHP 500 000) according to the income of natural persons.
From PHP 0 to 10,000 5%
From PHP 10,000 to 30,000 10%
From PHP 30,000 to 70,000 15%
From PHP 70,000 to 140,000 20%
From PHP 140,000 to 250,000 25%
From PHP 250,000 to 500,000 30%
Over PHP 500,000 32%
Tax on capital income 6% (real estate); 5% up to 100 000 PHP then 10% (earnings from shares not exchanged on the Stock Exchange); 1% of the sale price (earnings from shares exchanged on the Stock Exchange).
Property Tax Varies according to the location, less than 3%
Tax on inheritance and property Between 5 and 20%
Social contributions Vary from 33.30 to 500 PHP, according to the salary
Allowable Deductions and Tax Credits
Taxpayers benefit in the Philippines from various deductions according to their status (marriage, child).
Since 2011, Taxpayers benefit from an income tax credit of 5% for their contributions to a Retirement Account.
Special Expatriate Tax Regime
There is no special tax regime for expatriates. nonresident foreigners not involved in business are taxed at a preferential rate of 25% of their Philippine income.

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Double Taxation Treaties

Countries With Whom a Double Taxation Treaty Have Been Signed
Bureau of Internal Revenue
Withholding Taxes
Dividends: 15-30%, Interest: 20%, Royalties: 20-30%

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Sources of Fiscal Information

Tax Authorities
Bureau of Internal Revenue
Bureau of Customs
Other Domestic Resources
Philippine Information  Agency

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Learn more about Taxes and Accounting in the Philippines on, the Directory for International Trade Service Providers.

Intellectual Property

National Organizations
The organization responsible for the protection of intellectual property in the Philippines is the Intellectual Property Office of the Philippines.
In June 2011, IPOPHL launched its IPR Arbitration and Mediation Center to receive and facilitate IP disputes presented to the center for review, resolution, and settlement through mediation and arbitral proceedings.
Regional Organizations
Harmonization within the ASEAN and the APEC
International Membership
Member of the WIPO (World Intellectual Property Organization)
Signatory to the Paris Convention For the Protection of Intellectual Property
Membership to the TRIPS agreement - Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS)

National Regulation and International Agreements

Type of property and law Validity International Agreements Signed
Rules and Regulations on Inventions
20 years Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT)
Law on Trademarks, Service Marks and Trade Names
10 years, renewable every 10 years
During the lifetime of the author and 50 years after his death Berne convention For the Protection of Literary and Artistic Works
Convention for the Protection of Producers of Phonograms Against Unauthorized Duplication of Their Phonograms
Rome ConventionFor the Protection of Performers, Producers of Phonograms and Broadcasting Organizations
WIPO Copyright Treaty
WIPO Performances and Phonograms Treaty
Industrial Models
5 years, renewable twice  

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Legal Framework

Independence of Justice
The judiciary in the Philippines, though generally independent, is hampered by corruption and inefficiency.
Equal Treatment of Nationals and Foreigners
To a large extent, foreign nationals can expect an impartial trial from the country’s judicial system.
The Language of Justice
The Philippines have two judicial languages: Filipino and English.
Sources of the Law and Legal Similarities
The main source of the law is the constitution of 1987. The country’s legal system is based on Spanish and Anglo-American law. The Philippines accept compulsory ICJ jurisdiction though with reservations.
Checking National Laws Online
Philippine Laws and Jurisprudence Databank

Learn more about Lawyers and Legal in the Philippines on, the Directory for International Trade Service Providers.

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National Standards Organizations
Bureau of Product Standards
Integration in the International Standards Network
The Philippines are members of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC), the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC), the ASEAN Consultative Committee on Standards and Quality (ACCSQ).
Classification of Standards
PNS (Philippine National Standard) is the mark of the national standard.
Online Consultation of Standards
A list can be consulted on the Philippines National Standards Catalog on the Bureau of Product Standards website.
Certification Organizations

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Business Practices

General Information
Guide to doing business
Canda Commercial Corporation
Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada
Opening Hours and Days
Banks: from 9 am to 5 pm.
Public Administrations: from 8 am to 5 pm Monday to Friday.
Shops: 10 am to 7 pm Monday to Sunday.

Public Holidays

New Year January 1st
EDSA Revolution Day February 22
Day of Valor April 9
Labor Day May 1
Independence Day June 12
National Heroes' Day August
Bonifacio Day November 30
Christmas Day December 25
Rizal Day December 30
Holiday Compensation
If a public holiday falls on a Wednesday, it is celebrated on the Monday. If it falls on a Sunday, it is celebrated on the following Monday.

Periods When Companies Usually Close

Semana Santa A week during the Holy Week period
Christmas A few days

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Last Updates: October 2014