Croatia

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GENERAL INFORMATION

 

Population - Local time - Languages - Religion - Political context - Climate - Tourism - Food


Population


Total population (millions): 4.5
Source : World Bank - World Development Indicators

Urban population: 59%
Source : World Bank - World Development Indicators

Average annual population growth: 0.03%
Source : World Bank - World Development Indicators

Surface area (km˛) : 56.540


Population origin

Origin of the population% Of the population
Croats 89.63
Serbs 4.54
Bosnians 0.47
Italians 0.44
Hungarians 0.37
Albanians 0.34
Slovenes 0.3
Other 3.91



Main Cities Population
Zagreb 691 724
Split 188 694
Rijeka 143 800
Osijek 90 411
Zadar 69 556
Slavonski Brod 58 642



Local time

It is  %T:%M %A  in Zagreb (GMT+1 in winter, GMT+2 in summer).
Summer time from March to October



Languages
Official language: Croatian (Slav language).
Business language: Croatian and English (particularly English in the region of the capital Zagreb).

Free translation tools

Intertran
Free English-Croatian-English translator of texts and web pages





Religion
Religious practises : Catholics 87.83%
Orthodox 4.4%
Moslems 1.3%
Protestants 0.3%
Others 6.17%.


Political context

Croatia is a Republic state based on parliamentary democracy. Croatia (official name: Republic of Croatia) is a former Yugoslav republic and achieved independence in 1991. It is a candidate for membership in the European Union.
President is the chief of the state, elected by popular vote for a five-year term. President can dissolve the Parliament and call for elections. President is also the commander-in-chief of the armed forces. The President appoints the Prime Minister and the Cabinet with the consent of Parliament. Prime Minister holds the executive powers.
The legislature is unicameral. The Parliament is a legislative body whose members are elected from party lists by popular vote to serve four-year terms. The constitution has been changed to shift power away from the President to the Parliament. People of Croatia have considerable political rights.
Broadly speaking, the judicial system in Croatia is not independent. It suffers from shortage of judges leading to backlog of cases and also lacks in enforcement of judicial decisions. The main source of the law is the constitution of 1990 (revised in 2001) which is based on civil law system. Croatian is the judicial language used in the country.
On the whole, Croatia is ruled by law. Law and order situation in the country has considerably improved since the year 2000. One cannot guarantee a fair trial to a foreign national, but the government of Croatia has now become more willing to honour international obligations. A high degree of corruption exists in the country in all walks of life (government, corporate & judiciary).


Major political parties

Croatia has a multi-party system. The major political parties in the country are:
- HDZ (Croatian Democratic Union) - socialist, conservative, right-wing, advocates political and economic liberalisation;
- SDP (Social democratic party) - left-wing, ex-communist party;
- HNS (Croatian People's Party - Liberal Democrats) - liberal, democratic, advoactes economic reforms,
- HSP (Croatian Party of Rights) - nationalist, right-wing, advocates ethno-centric politics;
- HSS (Croatian Peasant Party) - left-wing, conservative, advocates pro-agrarian politices;
- HSU (Croatian Pensioner Party) - protects the interest of pensioners, draws support from labour unions as well.,


Major political leaders

President: Stjepan (Stipe) MESIC (since February 2000, re-elected in January 2005) - HNS
Prime Minister: Ivo SANADER (since December 2003) – HDZ


Next political election dates

Presidential: January 2010
Parliamentary: Year 2011




Climate

 

 

Croatia has a continental weather with very hot summers and cold winters except along the coast. The coastal lowlands have a Mediterranean climate with mild & wet winters and warm & sunny (rather dry) summers.

 


Tourism


Number of visitors in Croatia 2004 2005 2006 World rank
Number of visitors (1000) 7,912 8,467 8,659 22
Source : World Tourisme Organization, data available in November 2005

 

Tourist sites
- On the West Coast : Umag, is the first exporting port of Istrie's wines, arena of Pula.
- The Losinj Islands
- The lakes of Plitvitce
- The Dalmatie Islands in the North
- The Dalmate archipelago
- The city of Dubrovnik with its ramparts and its bohemian atmosphere.

For more information about tourism in Croatia , check out the following web site(s) :
Croatian Tourism Board



Food


Traditional dishes
The Croatian food is quite varied. It offers numerous fish-based specialities. Most dishes are flavoured with olive oil and served with vegetables or rice.
Brodet: dish based of several sorts of fishes and served with rice.
Manistra od bobica: beans and corn soup.
The Croatian dishes are served with rather reputed local wines.


Food-related taboos
There are no food taboos in the country.

Last modified on March 2007

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