Greece

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GENERAL INFORMATION

 

Population - Local time - Languages - Religion - Political context - Climate - Tourism - Food


Population


Total population (millions): 11.1
Source : World Bank - World Development Indicators

Urban population: 61%
Source : World Bank - World Development Indicators

Average annual population growth: 0.4%
Source : World Bank - World Development Indicators

Surface area (km˛) : 131,96



Main Cities Population
Athens 3 187 734
Thessaloniki 800 764
Patras 185 668
Iraklion 144 642
Volos 124 639
Larisa 124 394



Local time

It is  %T:%M %A  in Athens (GMT+2 in winter, GMT+3 in summer).
Summer time from March to October



Languages
Official language: Greek
Greek is one of the most ancient languages in the world and etymologically has provided the roots for many words in other languages as well as international scientific terminology. It has been orally transmitted for 4,000 centuries, and has been written for about 3 milleniums. Greek plays an important role in the etymology of Indo-european languages and in the international scientific terminology.

Free translation tools

Eurodicautom
The European Union Dictionary (12 languages avalaible)

Systran
Free English-Greek-English translator of texts and web pages

Tranexp
Free English-Greek-English translator of texts and web pages





Religion
Religious practises : Christian orthodox 98%
Muslims: 1,3%
Others: 0,7%.


Political context

Greece is a Republic state based on parliamentary democracy. Greece (official name: Hellenic Republic) was a monarchy up to 1974.
President is the chief of state and is elected by parliament for a five-year term. President appoints the leader of the party securing plurality vote in election to become the Prime Minister for a four year term. Prime Minister is head of the government and also holds executive powers which include implementation of the law in the country and running the day-to-day affairs. Cabinet is approved by the President on recommendation of the Prime Minister.
The legislature is unicameral in Greece. The Hellenic Parliament (as it is called) has 300 members which are elected by direct popular vote to serve four-year terms. The people of Greece enjoy considerable political rights. The executive branch of government is directly or indirectly dependent on the support of the parliament, often expressed through a vote of confidence. Prime Minister cannot dissolve the parliament. Greece has a system of compulsory voting, but it is weakly enforced.
The judiciary is largely independent in Greece and the constitution provides for public trials. The main source of the law is the constitution of 1975 (amended in 1986 and 2001). The legal system is based on codified Roman law. Greece being a member of the European Union, the national law in the country needs to comply with the conditions of the Community legislation. Greek is the judicial language in the country, having an interpreter is always possible.
The country is ruled by law. However, a number of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) have raised concerns about ill treatment of detainees by law enforcement officials, especially concerning immigrants and members of religious minorities. Foreign nations can normally expect a fair trial from the country’s judicial system. A considerable degree of corruption exists in the country especially in police force and corporate sector – corruption in the country is the highest among the European Union members.


Major political parties

The main political parties in the country are:
- ND ( New Democracy) – conservative,
- PASOK (Panhellenic Socialist Movement) – social-democrat,
- KKE (Communist Party of Greece) – communist,
- SYN (Coalition of the Left, of Movements and Ecology) – adical left.


Major political leaders

President: Karolos PAPOULIAS (since March 2005) – PASOK
Prime Minister: Konstandinos KARAMANLIS (since March 2004) – ND


Next political election dates

Presidential: February 2010
Parliamentary: March 2008




Climate

 

 

 


Tourism


Number of visitors in Greece 2004 2005 2006 World rank
Number of visitors (1000) 13,313 14,765 16,039 16
Source : World Tourisme Organization, data available in November 2005

 

Tourist sites

For more information about tourism in Greece , check out the following web site(s) :
Greek National Tourism Organization



Last modified on December 2006

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