Hong Kong

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GENERAL INFORMATION

 

Population - Local time - Languages - Religion - Political context - Climate - Tourism - Food


Population


Total population (millions): 6.8
Source : World Bank - World Development Indicators

Urban population: 100%
Source : World Bank - World Development Indicators

Average annual population growth: 0.4%
Source : World Bank - World Development Indicators

Surface area (km²) : 1,070



Main Cities Population
Kowloon 2 070 000
Victoria 986 800
Tuen Mun 473 100
Sha Tin 432 600
Tseung Kwan O 344 500
Kwai Chung 312 000



Local time

It is  %T:%M %A  in Hong Kong (GMT+8 ).



Languages
Official languages: English (38 %) and Cantonese (90 %). Mandarin (25%) is also spoken.
Business language: English.

Free translation tools

Babel Fish
Free English-Chinese-English translation of texts and web sites

Zhongwen
Free English-Chinese dictionary





Religion
Religious practises : People are mainly buddhist and taoïst, 8% are christian. There are also muslim, hindu and jewish minorities.


Political context

Hong Kong is a Special Administrative Region (SAR) of the People’s Republic of China with its own constitution guaranteeing a high degree of autonomy in all matters except foreign and defence affairs until 2047. Hong Kong was handed over to China by United Kingdom in July 1997.
The chief of the state is the President of China. The head of the government is the Chief Executive and he holds the executive powers which include leading the government, implementing the law, signing bills and budgets passed by parliament, deciding on government policies, appointing judges and holders of public offices, etc. The Chief Executive is selected by Election Committee, which consists of 800 members mainly elected from among business and professional sectors, to serve five year terms. The elected Chief Executive must then be appointed by the central government of the People’s Republic of China. Under the Chief Executive Election Ordinance, the winning candidate to the election must declare that he is not a member of a political party, and will not become a member of any political party during his term of office, in order to ensure neutrality. The members of Executive Council (the cabinet) are appointed by the Chief Executive.
The legislature in Hong Kong is unicameral. The parliament called Legislative Council has 60 seats; with 30 directly elected members and 30 members elected by functional constituencies, to serve four-year terms. Government is directly or indirectly dependent on the support of the parliament, often expressed through a vote of confidence. Chief Executive does not have the power to dissolve the parliament nor can he refuse to sign a bill passed by two-third majority of the parliament. The political rights of the people of Hong Kong are limited, enjoying very basic rights.
Judiciary is independent in Hong Kong and the judicial process is fair. The main source of the law is the constitution which has been approved by China's National People's Congress in March 1990 and is called Hong Kong's "mini-constitution". It is based on English law and the Basic Law. Foreign affairs and defence fall within the ambit of the central government in China. Chinese and English are the two judicial languages used in Hong Kong.
Hong Kong is ruled by law. Foreign nationals can expect a free trial from the country’s judicial system. Corruption does not exist in the country.


Major political parties

Hong Kong has no legislation for political parties, and thus has no legal definition for what a political party is. Most political parties and political groups registered either as limited companies or societies. Hong Kong has a multi-party system, with numerous parties in which no one party often has a chance of gaining power by controlling the Legislative Council.The main political parties in the country are:
- ADPL (Association for Democracy and People's Livelihood) – a pro-democracy grassroot level party,
- Citizens Party – advocates minority issues and favors environmental protection,
- DAB (Democratic Alliance for the Betterment and Progress of Hong Kong) - conservative and pro-Beijing party,
- Democratic Party - a pro-democracy and liberal political party,
- Frontier Party – radical, pro-democracy, demands the right to draft Hong Kong's own constitution.


Major political leaders

Chief of state: President of China - HU Jintao (since March 2003) - Chinese Communist Party
Chief Executive: Donald TSANG (since June 2005) – non-partisan


Next political election dates

Chief Executive: March 2007
Legislative Council: September 2008




Climate

 

 

 


Tourism


Number of visitors in Hong Kong 2004 2005 2006 World rank
Number of visitors (1000) 13,655 14,773 15,821 17
Source : World Tourisme Organization, data available in November 2005

 

Tourist sites
-The City hall.

For more information about tourism in Hong Kong , check out the following web site(s) :
Hong Kong Tourism Board



Food


Traditional dishes
The Hong-Kong cuisine is a Chinese cuisine with some specialties:
The hundred-years eggs: a popular dish which is sought-after in Hong-Kong's food. Eggs are left during two months, or more, in a rich lime mud mixture, tea, ash and bicarbonate of soda. Their flesh becomes translucent, of a green-bluish color. They are often served as a hors d'oeuvre.
Spring rolls: small stuffed rice pancakes-like. The stuffing depends on available ingredients, food trends of the moment, tastes etc. As a matter of fact, it can be adapted, from the most simple to the most elaborated stuffing.
Spareribs in black beans sauce : pork based dish, very tasty, and poor in fat. The red hot peppers are optional, depending on the preference for spicy dishes or not. It is usually served with white rice.


Last modified on December 2006

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