Portugal

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GENERAL INFORMATION

 

Population - Local time - Languages - Religion - Political context - Climate - Tourism - Food


Population


Total population (millions): 10.4
Source : World Bank - World Development Indicators

Urban population: 55%
Source : World Bank - World Development Indicators

Average annual population growth: ..
Source : World Bank - World Development Indicators

Surface area (km˛) : 91,98


Population origin

Origin of the population% Of the population
Portuguese 99.2
Capverde 0.3
Brazilian 0.2
Other 0.3



Main Cities Population
Lisbon 564 657
Vila Nova de Gaia 288 749
Porto 263 131
Amadora 175 872
Matosinhos 167 026
Braga 152 693



Local time

It is  %T:%M %A  in Lisbon (GMT in winter, GMT+1 in summer).
Summer time from March to October



Languages
Official language: Portuguese
This language is spoken by 10 million people in Portugal and about 130 million people in Brazil. Portuguese is also the official language in five African nations: Angola, Mozambique, Guinea Bissau, Cape Verde and Sao Tome and Principe.
Caution: the Portuguese pronunciation is difficult. Vowels and consonants have a different sound depending on both their position in the sentence and their accent; moreover, nasal vowels and diphthongs only exist in this language.
Business languages: Spanish, French and English are the most mastered foreign languages and therefore, the most used in business relations.

Free translation tools

Eurodicautom
The European Union Dictionary (12 languages avalaible)

Systran
Free English-Portuguese-English translator of texts and web pages

Tranexp
Free English-Portuguese-English translator of texts and web pages





Religion
Religious practises : Catholics represent 95% of the population.


Political context

Portugal is a Republic state based on parliamentary democracy. Portugal (official name: Portuguese Republic) is a country with a rich history of seafaring and discovery.
President is the chief of state and is elected by a popular vote for a five year term. President is the commander-in-chief of the armed forces. Following legislative elections, the leader of the majority party or leader of a majority coalition is usually appointed Prime Minister by the President to serve a four-year term. Prime Minister is the head of the government and holds the executive powers which include implementation of the law in the country and running the day-to-day affairs. The cabinet called Council of Ministers is appointed by the President on recommendation of the Prime Minister. There also exits a Council of State that acts as a consultative body to the President.
Portugal has a unicameral legislature. The parliament called Assembly of the Republic has 230 seats, with its members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms. The executive branch of government is directly or indirectly dependent on the support of the parliament, often expressed through a vote of confidence. Prime Minister cannot dissolve the Assembly, however President can dissolve the parliament to call for early elections if he wishes so. The people of Portugal have considerable political rights.
The judiciary in the country is independent, but there is a considerable backlog of pending cases. The main source of the law in the country is constitution of 1976 (revised many times, most recently in 2004). The legal system is based on civil law system. Portugal accepts the compulsory ICJ jurisdiction but with reservations. Portugal being a member of the European Union, the national law in the country needs to comply with the conditions of the Community legislation. There are two judicial languages used in the country: Portuguese and Mirandese; having an interpreter is possible.
Portugal is generally ruled by law, but the country still is considered a destination and transit point for trafficked persons. Foreign nationals can normally expect an impartial trial from the country’s judicial system. There is a certain degree of corruption in the country (especially in politics & corporate sector) but still under control.


Major political parties

Politics in Portugal has been dominated mainly by two parties which are: PS (Socialist Party) and PSD (Social Democratic Party). The other parties active in the country are:
- PP (Popular Party) – Christian democrats,
- PCP (Portuguese Communist Party) – a left-wing political party,
-The Greens – an ecologist party.


Major political leaders

President: Anibal CAVACO Silva (since March 2006) - PSD
Prime Minister: Jose SOCRATES (since March 2005) - PS


Next political election dates

Presidential: January 2011
Parliamentary: February 2009




Climate

 

 

 


Tourism


Number of visitors in Portugal 2004 2005 2006 World rank
Number of visitors (1000) 11,617 10,612 11,282 19
Source : World Tourisme Organization, data available in November 2005

 

Tourist sites
- The Belem's tower
- The region of Algarve
- Bairro Alto
- Alfama
- Monasteiro de Jeronimos
- Lift of Santa Justa
- Bridge of 25th of April
- Feira da Ladra
- Mercado de Carcavelos.
- Listening to Fado is almost an "obligation" when you are in Portugal.

For more information about tourism in Portugal , check out the following web site(s) :
Tourism Board of Portugal



Food


Traditional dishes
Bacalhau cozido com batatas: boiled cod with potatoes.
Pastel de nata
Roasted sardines


Last modified on December 2006

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