Czech Republic

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GENERAL INFORMATION

 

Population - Local time - Languages - Religion - Political context - Climate - Tourism - Food


Population


Total population (millions): 10.2
Source : World Bank - World Development Indicators

Urban population: 74%
Source : World Bank - World Development Indicators

Average annual population growth: -0.2%
Source : World Bank - World Development Indicators

Surface area (km²) : 78,87


Population origin

Origin of the population : Czech 81.4%, Morave 13.4%



Main Cities Population
Prague 1 181 610
Brno 366 757
Ostrava 310 078
Pilsen City 162 759
Olomouc 100 381
Liberec 97 950



Local time

It is  %T:%M %A  in Prague (GMT+1 in winter, GMT+2 in summer).
Summer time from March to October



Languages
Official language: Czech
Business language: Czech, English, German.
The Czech usually speak well English. Therefore, there is no need for an interpreter.

Free translation tools

Tranexp
Free English-Czech-English translator of texts and web pages

Ectaco
English-Czech-English Dictionary





Religion
Religious practises : Catholics 39%
Protestants 4.4%
Orthodox 2.9%
Others 13.9%.


Political context

Czech Republic is a Republic state based on parliamentary democracy. Czech Republic ( which is also its official name) was born in 1993 after splitting of the Czechoslovakian federation into two independent countries namely Czech Republic and Slovakia.
President is the chief of the state and is elected by the parliament for a five-year term. President has limited specific powers, most important of them being power to return laws to the parliament and dissolving of the parliament under certain special conditions. President appoints the Prime Minister. President also appoints the Cabinet on the recommendation of the Prime Minister. Prime Minister is the head of the government and also holds the executive powers which include implementation of the law in the country and running the day-to-day affairs. Prime Minister is generally the head of the majority party or coalition in the parliament and yields considerable political power.
The legislature is bicameral. The parliament consists of: Senate (the upper house), its members elected by popular vote to serve six-year terms and the Chamber of Deputies (the lower house) with its members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms. The executive branch of government is directly or indirectly dependent on the support of the parliament, often expressed through a vote of confidence Prime Minister cannot dissolve the parliament without taking President and the members of the parliament into confidence. People of the Czech Republic enjoy considerable political rights.
Judiciary is largely independent in Czech Republic. The main source of the law is the constitution of 1992/1993 which is based on civil law system originating from Austro-Hungarian codes. Czech Republic being a member of the European Union, the national law in the country needs to comply with the conditions of the Community legislation. Czech Republic has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction. The judicial language in the country is Czech.
The country is ruled by law. Foreigners can expect to receive fair trail at par with the natives from the country's judicial system. The country continues to have a significant degree of corruption that affects badly many sectors of the Czech society, especially the public and the corporate sector.


Major political parties

Czech Republic has a multi-party political system. But usually only a few are successful and make it to the parliament. The main political parties in the country are:
- CSSD (Czech Social Democratic Party) – follows liberal social democracy, advocates decentralisation & lower taxes;
- ODS (Civic Democratic Party) – a right-wing political party, advocates market liberalisation but is anti-EU;
- KSCM (Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia) - heir of the Communist party of Czechoslovakia, though it has now modified its programme to suit country's new democratic politics;
- KDU-CSL (Christian Democratic Union-Czechoslovak People's Party) – a conservative political party which draws its main support from the Catholic rural areas in Moravia.


Major political leaders

President: Vaclav KLAUS (since March 2003) – ODS
Prime Minister: Mirek TOPOLANEK (since August 2006) – ODS


Next political election dates

Presidential: January 2008
Senate: November 2006
Chamber of Deputes: June 2010




Climate

 

 

 


Tourism


Number of visitors in Czech Republic 2004 2005 2006 World rank
Number of visitors (1000) 6,061 6,336 6,435
Source : World Tourisme Organization, data available in November 2005

 

Tourist sites
Prague: the old city, the Charles bridge and the Vltava banks, Mala, Strana (former noble district), the Royal Palace, Hradcany (castle dating from the 16th century with Franz Kafka's house next to it), the new city.
Prague surroundings: numerous castles and chapels within 20 or 60 km.
Brno: the "Antropos" anthropological museum, the Capucins convent, the former City hall and the fields of the famous Austerlitz battle.

For more information about tourism in Czech Republic , check out the following web site(s) :
Tourism Board
Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Czech Republic



Food


Traditional dishes
The Czech recipes were inspired by the austro-Hungarian gastronomy. The same specialties are often found, but only prepared in a different way.
Bramborak: potatoes pie, with herbs and garlic
The Prague ham.


Last modified on December 2006

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