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Population - Local time - Languages - Religion - Political context - Climate - Tourism - Food


Total population (millions): 1.3
Source : World Bank - World Development Indicators

Urban population: 70%
Source : World Bank - World Development Indicators

Average annual population growth: -0.6%
Source : World Bank - World Development Indicators

Surface area (km²) : 45,100

Population origin

Origin of the population% Of the population
Estonian 61.4
Russian 30.4
Ukrainian 3.2

Main Cities Population
Tallinn 396 193
Tartu 101 740
Narva 66 936
Kohtla-Järve 45 740
Pärnu 44 198

Local time

It is  %T:%M %A  in Tallinn (GMT+2 in winter, GMT+3 in summer).
Summer time from March to October

Official language: Estonian
Business language: Estonian, Russian, Finnish and English.

Free translation tools

Free English-Estonian-English dictionary

Institute of Baltic Studies
Free English-Estonian-English dictionary

Religious practises : Protestants 80%
Christians orthodox 19%
Others 1%.

Political context

Estonia (official name: Republic of Estonia) is a Republic state based on constitutional parliamentary democracy.
President is the chief of the state and is elected by parliament for a five-year term. President is the commander-in-chief of the armed forces. President nominates the Prime Minister after approval by parliament (generally leader of the majority party or coalition), for a 4 year term. Prime Minister is the head of the government and also holds the executive powers which include implementation of the law in the country and running the day-to-day affairs. The Council of Ministers is appointed by the Prime Minister, approved by parliament .
The legislature in Estonia is unicameral. The parliament called State Assembly has 101 seats with its members elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms. State Assembly is the highest organ of state authority. It initiates and approves legislation sponsored by the Prime Minister. Government is directly or indirectly dependent on the support of the parliament, often expressed through a vote of confidence. Government cannot dissolve the parliament but can recommend the same to President who has to take parliament into confidence before taking a decision.The citizens of Estonia enjoy considerable political rights. Estonia is among the world's leaders in e-governance and features an impressively transparent system in which government decisions are almost instantly made available on the Internet.
Judiciary is independent in Estonia, and generally free from government influence. The main source of the law is the constitution of June 1992. The legal system is based on civil law system. No judicial review of legislative acts takes place in the country. Estonia being a member of the European Union, the national law in the country needs to comply with the conditions of the Community legislation. Estonia accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, but with reservations. The judicial language in the country is Estonian; having an interpreter is always possible.
Estonia is ruled by law. Foreign nationals can expect a fair trial from the country's judicial system. Estonia has a low degree of corruption but it is still a concern especially in the corporate sector.

Major political parties

Estonia has a multi-party system, with numerous parties in which no one party often has a chance of gaining power alone, and thus parties must work with each other to form coalition governments. The major parties in the country are:
Estonian Centre Party :
- left-of-centre liberal,
- Union of Pro Patria and Res Publica : conservative with moderate nationalism,
- Estonian Reform Party : free-market liberal,
- People's Union of Estonia : populist, agrarian.

Major political leaders

President: Toomas Hendrik ILVES (since October 2006) - Estonian social democrat party
Prime Minister: Andrus ANSIP (since April 2005) - Estonian Reform Party, heading a coalition government

Next political election dates

Presidential: Year 2011
State Assembly: Year 2011






Number of visitors in Estonia 2004 2005 2006 World rank
Number of visitors (1000) 1,750 1,900 ..
Source : World Tourisme Organization, data available in November 2005


Tourist sites
Tallinn and its old city.

For more information about tourism in Estonia , check out the following web site(s) :
Estonian Tourism Board


Traditional dishes
Sült: veal in jelly.
Rosolje: beets and herrings salad served with a French dressing.

Last modified on December 2006

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