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Population - Local time - Languages - Religion - Political context - Climate - Tourism - Food


Total population (millions): 2.3
Source : World Bank - World Development Indicators

Urban population: 66%
Source : World Bank - World Development Indicators

Average annual population growth: -0.8%
Source : World Bank - World Development Indicators

Surface area (km˛) : 64,6

Population origin

Origin of the population% Of the population

Main Cities Population
Riga 727 578
Daugavpils 109 482
Liepaja 85 915
Jelgava 66 087
Jurmala 55 602
Ventspils 43 806

Local time

It is  %T:%M %A  in Riga (GMT+2 in winter, GMT+3 in summer).
Summer time from March to October

Official language: Lettish.
Russian is usually understood by most people.
Business language: Lettish, Russian and English.

Free translation tools

Latvian Dictionary
Free English-Latvian-English dictionary

Free English-Latvian-English dictionary

Religious practises : Catholics 49.2%
Protestants 29.8%
Orthodox 14.5%
Jews 3.9%
Anglicans 1.8%
Others 0.8%.

Political context

Latvia is a Republic state based on parliamentary democracy. Latvia (official name: Republic of Latvia) gained its independence in 1991 after disintegration of the Soviet Union.
President is the chief of state and is elected by the parliament in a separate election for a four year term. President is the commander-in-chief of the armed forces. President appoints the Prime Minister as head of the government who in turn has to receive a confidence vote by the parliament and serves a four year term. Prime Minister enjoys the executive powers which include implementation of the law in the country and running the day-to-day affairs.The Council of Ministers is nominated by the Prime Minister and appointed by the Parliament.
The legislature in Latvia is unicameral. The Parliament consists of 100 seats; its members are elected by direct popular vote to serve four-year terms. The executive branch of government is directly or indirectly dependent on the support of the parliament, often expressed through a vote of confidence. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the parliament. The government does not have the power to dissolve the parliament. The people of Latvia enjoy considerable political rights.
Constitution of the country provides an independent judiciary and the government generally respects it. But judicial reforms in the country have been slow and prone to corruption. The main source of the law in the country is the constitution of 1922 (amended in 1998); legal system is based on civil law system. Latvia being a member of the European Union (joined EU in May 2004), the national law in the country has to comply with the conditions of the Community legislation. The judicial language in the country is Latvian; having an interpreter is possible.
Latvia is ruled by law. Foreign nationals can expect an impartial trial from the country’s judicial system. A high degree of corruption exists in the country as compared to other EU members. Latvia is the most corrupt among the Baltic states, particularly effecting politics and corporate sector. However, the government has adopted various anticorruption measures.

Major political parties

Latvia has a multi-party system, where no one party often has a chance of gaining power alone, and parties must work with each other to form coalition governments. Some of the major parties in the country are:
- JL (New Era Party) – a right-wing political party, advocates reforms in health-care and education;
- TP (People's Party) – a conservative pro-EU political party;
- LPP (First Party of Latvia) – advocates populist ideology, supported by Church;
- ZZS (Latvian Green Party) – a left-of-centre environmentalism political alliance;
- TB/LNNK (For the Fatherland and Freedom) – a nationalist political party, involved in country’s independence movement.

Major political leaders

President: Valdis ZATLERS (since July 2007) – Popular Front of Latvia
Prime Minister: Ivars GODMANIS (since December 2007)

Next political election dates

Presidential: Year 2011
Parliamentary: Year 2010






Number of visitors in Latvia 2004 2005 2006 World rank
Number of visitors (1000) 1,080 1,116 ..
Source : World Tourisme Organization, data available in November 2005


Tourist sites
-Riga (capital): its old city and the "new city"
-Jurmala (palges).
We also suggest you to buy road or city maps of the places you would like to go to.

For more information about tourism in Latvia , check out the following web site(s) :
Informations portal on tourism in Latvia


Traditional dishes
In Latvia, the best part of the meal is usually the starter. Indeed, there is a large variety of appetizers.
Among Lettish specialties:
Kotletes: lamb ribs
Skabu kapostu zupa: vegetable soup
Smoked fish: salmon, trouts.
Smetana: cream dessert, yoghurt-based.
Drinks: The Riga Black Balsam is a famous liquor in Latvia which was first produced in 1700.
Bauskas Tumsais: stout
Gaisais: white beer
Kvass: soft drink which is served in the summer.

Last modified on December 2006

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