Lithuania

Click on each topic for more information :

GENERAL INFORMATION

 

Population - Local time - Languages - Religion - Political context - Climate - Tourism - Food


Population


Total population (millions): 3,5
Source : World Bank - World Development Indicators

Urban population: 67%
Source : World Bank - World Development Indicators

Average annual population growth: -0,40%
Source : World Bank - World Development Indicators

Surface area (km˛) : 65 200


Population origin

Origin of the population% Of the population
Lithuanian 84.1
Russian 6.6
Polish 6.2
Byelorussian 1.6
Ukrainian 0.9
Other 0.6



Main Cities Population
Vilnius 541 824
Kaunas 360 637
Klaipeda 187 316
Šiauliai 129 037
Panevezis 115 315
Alytus 69 145



Local time

It is  %T:%M %A  in Vilnius (GMT+2 in winter, GMT+3 in summer).
Summer time from March to October



Languages
Official language: Lithuanian
Spoken languages : Russian, English and German
Business languages : Lithuanian, Russian and English.

Free translation tools

Freewebs
Free English-Lithuanian-English dictionary





Religion
Religious practises : Catholics 73%
Orthodox 5%
Protestants 1%
Others 21%.


Political context

Lithuania is a Republic state based on parliamentary democracy. Lithuania (official name: Republic of Lithuania) after declaring independence from Soviet Union in March 1990 has kept strong democratic traditions.
President is the chief of state and is elected by popular vote for a five-year term. Prime Minister is the head of the government who is appointed by the President on approval of the Parliament (generally leader of the majority party or coalition) to serve a term of four years. Prime Minister enjoys the executive powers which include implementation of the law in the country and running the day-to-day affairs. The Council of Ministers (cabinet) is appointed by the President on the nomination of the Prime Minister.
The legislature is unicameral in Lithuania. The Parliament consists of 141 seats, 71 members are directly elected by popular vote, 70 are elected by proportional representation; all members serve four-year terms. Prime Minister cannot dissolve the Parliament (but President can do so on recommendation of the Parliament) nor can veto its enactment . The people of Lithuania enjoy considerable political rights.
Judiciary in Lithuania is largely independent, though lack of qualified judges and lawyers often undermines the right to a fair trial. The main source of the law in the country is the constitution of 1992; with its legal system based on civil law system. Lithuania being a member of the European Union, the national law in the country needs to comply with the conditions of the Community legislature. Lithuanian is the judicial language used in the country; having an interpreter is possible.
The country is ruled by law. Foreign nationals can expect an impartial trail from country's judicial system. A high degree of corruption exists in the country, especially in political parties and corporate sector.


Major political parties

Lithuania has a multi-party system in which a single party does not have the chance of gaining power alone. So parties work with each other to form coalition governments. Some of the major parties in the country are:
- LSDP (Social Democratic Party of Lithuania) – advocates social democracy, has communist background;
- VNDS (Peasants and New Democratic Party Union) - an agrarian-conservative political party;
- TS (Homeland Union) – a right-wing conservative political party;
- DP (Labour Party) – advocates globalization and free-market economy in entire Europe;
- Liberal Democratic Party – a right-of-centre political party, Election Action of Lithuania's Poles – represents Polish ethnic minority.


Major political leaders

President: Valdas ADAMKUS (since July 2004) – non-partisan
Prime Minister: Gediminas KIRKILAS (since July 2006) – Social Democratic Party, heading a coalition government


Next political election dates

Presidential: June 2009
Parliamentary: October 2008




Climate

 

 

The weather in Lithuania is a climate of transition: it could be maritime, but it is moderate and humid, with clement winters and summers.
We also suggest you to buy road or city maps of the places you would like to go to.

 


Tourism


Number of visitors in Lithuania 2004 2005 2006 World rank
Number of visitors (1000) 1,800 .. ..
Source : World Tourisme Organization, data available in November 2005

 

Tourist sites

For more information about tourism in Lithuania , check out the following web site(s) :
Lithuanian State Department of Tourism



Food


Traditional dishes
Skilandis: smoked meat
Salti barsciai: fresh soup
Cepelinai: Potatoes quenelles filled of meat or cheese.
Vedarai: potatoes with sausages
Midus: honey-based Lithuanian alcohol drink.


Last modified on December 2006

Export Entreprises©, All rights reserved