Norway

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GENERAL INFORMATION

 

Population - Local time - Languages - Religion - Political context - Climate - Tourism - Food


Population


Total population (millions): 4.6
Source : World Bank - World Development Indicators

Urban population: 80%
Source : World Bank - World Development Indicators

Average annual population growth: 0.4%
Source : World Bank - World Development Indicators

Surface area (km˛) : 323,88


Population origin

Origin of the population% Of the population
Norwegian 96.3
Danish 0.5
Swedish 0.4
Other 2.8



Main Cities Population
Oslo 825 105
Bergen 218 032
Stavanger 177 337
Trondheim 150 049
Fredrikstad 98 152
Drammen 91 584



Local time

It is  %T:%M %A  in Oslo (GMT+1 in winter, GMT+2 in summer).
Summer time from March to October



Languages
Official language: Norwegian
Business language: Norwegian and English.

Free translation tools

Tranexp
Free English-Norwegian-English translator of texts and web pages

Freedict.com
Free English-Norwegian-English dictionary





Religion
Religious practises : Protestants 87.5%
Atheists 3.3%
Others 9.2%.


Political context

Norway is a constitutional monarchy based on parliamentary democracy. Norway (official name: Kingdom of Norway) enjoys one of the highest standards of living in the world, largely due to oil exports.
The King is the chief of state. Monarch is hereditary. Following parliamentary elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition is usually appointed Prime Minister by the monarch with the approval of the parliament to serve a four-year term. Prime Minister is the head of the government and enjoys executive powers which include implementation of the law within the country and running the day-to-day affairs. The cabinet called State Council is appointed by the King with the approval of the parliament.
Norway has a unicameral legislature. The parliament called Storting has 169 seats; with its members elected through a popular vote by proportional representation to serve four-year terms. Under the parliamentary system existing in the country, the executive branch of government is dependent on the direct or indirect support of the parliament, often expressed through a vote of confidence. Prime Minister cannot dissolve the parliament without taking it into confidence. The people of Norway have considerable political rights.
The judiciary is independent in the country. The main source of the law is the constitution of 1814 (amended many times). The legal system is a mixture of customary law, civil law system, and common law traditions. Norway accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction but with reservations. There are two judicial languages used in the country: Bokmal Norwegian and Nynorsk Norwegian; having an interpreter is possible.
Norway is ruled by law. Foreign nationals can be guaranteed a fair trail from the country’s judicial system. Norway remains one of the least corrupt countries in the world, though many Norwegians feel that bribery in the business world will be an increasing problem in future.


Major political parties

Norway has a multi-party system, in which no single political party often has a chance of gaining power alone. So parties work with each other to form coalition governments. Some of the major political parties are:
- DNA (Norwegian Labour Party) - a social democratic party,
- Progress Party – a classical liberal party,
- Conservative Party –right wing party,
- SV (Socialist Left Party) – a socialist, communist & democratic party,
- KrF (Christian Democratic Party) – a Christian democratic party,
- SP (Centre Party) – believes in economic & political decentralization.


Major political leaders

King: HARALD V (since January 1991) - hereditary
Prime Minister: Jens STOLTENBERG (since October 2005) – DNA, heading a coalition government backed by SV and SP


Next political election dates

Parliamentary: September 2009




Climate

 

 

 


Tourism


Number of visitors in Norway 2004 2005 2006 World rank
Number of visitors (1000) 3,600 3,824 3,945
Source : World Tourisme Organization, data available in November 2005

 

Tourist sites
- Norwegian Folk Museum (Oslo),
- Museum of Viking boats (Oslo),
- Sculptures Vigeland (Oslo),
- Munch (Oslo ) museum,
- Bergen Museum (Bergen),
-The Nidaros Cathedral (Trondheim),
- Stave churches (throughout Norway) .

For more information about tourism in Norway , check out the following web site(s) :
Norwegian Tourist Board



Food


Traditional dishes
Norwegian breakfasts have the reputation to be very hearty. They are generally served as a cold buffet. You can have meat, fish, cheese, scrambled eggs etc. Most hotels and restaurants serve this type of breakfasts, also called: koldtbord (cold buffet).
There is a large variety of meat or fish-based sandwiches.
Other Norwegian specialties:
Roast venison
Ptarmigan in cream sauce: Lagopede (type of pheasant, partridge)
Wild Cranberries
Lutefisk: Cod prepared with a spicy sauce
Drinks:
Aquavit (schnapps) is the traditional drink in Norway. Alcohol drinks (wine, alcohol drinks, beers) are very expensive, they are usually served in restaurants.


Food-related taboos
There are no culinary taboos in Norway, however, there are many limits to the consumption and marketing of alcohol drinks.

Last modified on December 2006

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