Ivory Coast

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Population - Local time - Languages - Religion - Political context - Climate - Tourism - Food


Total population (millions): 17.1
Source : World Bank - World Development Indicators

Urban population: 45%
Source : World Bank - World Development Indicators

Average annual population growth: 1.8%
Source : World Bank - World Development Indicators

Surface area (km˛) : 322,460

Population origin

Origin of the population% Of the population
Bete 19.7
Senoufou 14.7
Baoule 11.9
Agni 10.7
Malinke 6.5
Dan 5.6
Lobi 5.4
Other 25.5

Main Cities Population
Abidjan 2 877 948
Bouaké 461 618
Yamoussoukro 299 243
Daloa 173 107
Korhogo 142 093
San Pedro 131 800

Local time

It is  %T:%M %A  in Yamoussoukro, Abidjan (GMT).

Official language: French. There are numerous local dialects such as the Dioula.
Business language: French.

Free translation tools

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Religious practises : Muslims 38%
Catholics 22%
Tribal Religions 17%
Protestants 5.5%
Others 17.5%.

Political context

Ivory Coast is a Republic state based on parliamentary democracy. Ivory Coast (official name: Republic of Cote d'Ivoire) once hailed as a model of stability, has slipped into the kind of civil-war that has plagued many African countries. President is the chief of state and is elected by a popular vote for a five-year term. The president is commander in chief of the armed forces, ratifies treaties, and may submit a bill to a national referendum or to the parliament.
President enjoys most of the executive powers which include implementation of the law in the country and running the day-to-day affairs. Prime Minister is the head of government and is appointed by the President to serve a term of five years. Prime Minister works under the President. The Council of Ministers (cabinet) is also appointed by the President.
The legislature in Ivory Coast is unicameral. The parliament called National Assembly consists of 225 seats; with its members elected in single- and multi-district elections by direct popular vote to serve five-year terms. The people of the country enjoy very limited political rights. President can dissolve the parliament or can veto its enactment.
The judiciary in Ivory Coast is not independent. Judges are political appointees and are highly susceptible to external interference. The main source of the law in the country is the new constitution of August 2000. The legal system is based on French civil law system and the customary law. Ivory Coast accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction but with reservations. French is the judicial language used in the country; an interpreter can be organised. Ivory Coast is not ruled by law. Foreign nationals cannot expect an impartial trial from the country’s judicial system.
Ivory Coast is one of the most corrupt nations in the world, especially government offices, political parties and corporate sector are plagued with corruption.

Major political parties

There are more than 100 hundred legal political parties in Ivory Coast, but very few have national support. The main political parties in Ivory Coast are:
- PDCI (Democratic Party of Cote d'Ivoire) – the oldest political party, advocates democratic values;
- FPI (Ivorian Popular Front) – a democratic socialist party, politically inspired by Socialist Party of France;
- PIT (Ivorian Worker's Party) – draws support from trade unions & industrial workers;
- RDR (Rally of the Republicans) – advocates liberal ideology.

Major political leaders

President: Laurent GBAGBO (since October 2000) – FPI
Prime Minister: Charles Konan BANNY (since December 2005) – non-partisan

Next political election dates

Presidential: Year 2011
National Assembly: Year 2011






Number of visitors in Ivory Coast 2004 2005 2006 World rank
Number of visitors (1000) .. .. ..
Source : World Tourisme Organization, data available in November 2005


Tourist sites
-The beach tourism: 500 km of beaches with plantations of coconut palms in the southeast (Abidjan-Bassam-Assinie) and a succession of rocky cliffs and sandy creeks along the southwest coasts (Lahou-Fresco-Sassandra-san Pédro, etc.), plus 300,000 hectares of lagoons, allowing the practice of any water sports.
-Thematic and cultural tourism: with 60 ethnic groups, the country has a very rich variety of cultures. From North to South, there are numerous ancient memorials: the mosques of Kong and Kawara, the district of France in Bassam, the Governors' house in Bingerville without forgetting the modern monuments, such as the Notre Dame of Peace Basilica in Yamoussoukro.
-Ecological tourism: there are 6 national parks (Azagny - Comoé - Banco - Tai - Marahoué - Péko - Sanglé Mount - Ehotilés islands). Besides, the reserves of Divo, the Mountain Haloed, Lamto and Abo Kouamékro's safari park can be listed.
-Sports tourism: water sports, golf course of Abidjan of Bouaké, San Pédro and Yamoussoukro, the Abidjan marathon and numerous sport events.

For more information about tourism in Ivory Coast , check out the following web site(s) :
Information portal on tourism in Ivory Coast


Traditional dishes
Abidjan is the city where you can find different kinds of restaurants: French, Vietnamese, Lebanese, Italian, exotic food (Creole etc.). The city of Treichville is famous for its spicy dishes.
The kedjenou: Bananas skins stuffed with chicken and vegetables.
N'voufou: chopped up bananas with palm oil, served with an eggplantsauce .
The attieké

Food-related taboos
There are no culinary taboos in Ivory Coast and no restrictions on alcohol.

Last modified on December 2006

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