Luxembourg

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GENERAL INFORMATION

 

Population - Local time - Languages - Religion - Political context - Climate - Tourism - Food


Population


Total population (millions): 0.5
Source : World Bank - World Development Indicators

Urban population: 92%
Source : World Bank - World Development Indicators

Average annual population growth: 0.4%
Source : World Bank - World Development Indicators

Surface area (km²) : 2,586


Population origin

Origin of the population% Of the population
Luxembourger 69.5 %
Portuguese 10.9 %
Italian 5.1 %
French 3.2 %
Belgian 2.6 %
Other 8.7 %



Main Cities Population
Luxembourg 113 956
Esch-sur-Alzette 68 953
Pétange 21 590
Dudelange 17 618
Ettelbruck 16 992



Local time

It is  %T:%M %A  in Luxembourg (GMT+1 in winter, GMT+2 in summer).
Summer time from March to October



Languages
Official languages: Luxembourg, French and German
French and German are the administrative languages.
Business languages: Luxembourg, English, French and German.

Free translation tools

Eurodicautom
The European Union Dictionary (12 languages avalaible)

Babel Fish
Free English-German-English translator of texts and web pages

Leo
German-English-German dictionary with over 300,000 entries

Babel Fish
Free French-English-French translation of texts and web pages

Grand dictionnaire terminologique
Free French-Engish-French dictionary with 3 billion terms

Systran
Free English-Dutch-English translator of texts and web pages

Freedict.com
Dutch-English-Dutch dictionary





Religion
Religious practises : Catholicism is the most widespread religion (95%).


Political context

Luxembourg is a parliamentary democracy with a constitutional monarchy, ruled by a Grand Duke. Luxembourg (official name: Grand Duchy of Luxembourg) is the world's only sovereign Grand Duchy.
The chief of the state is the Grand Duke. The monarch is hereditary. Following popular parliamentary elections, the leader of the majority party or the leader of the majority coalition is appointed as Prime Minister by the monarch to serve a five-year term. Prime Minister is the head of the government and enjoys the executive powers which include implementing of the law and running the day-to-day affairs of the country. The Council of Ministers (cabinet) is recommended by the Prime Minister and appointed by the monarch.
Luxemburg has a unicameral legislature. The parliament consists of Chamber of Deputies which has 60 seats; its members are elected by direct popular vote to serve five-year terms. There also exists a second body called Council of State appointed by the Grand Duke (composed of 21 ordinary citizens recommended by the Prime Minister) which advises the Chamber of Deputies in the drafting of legislation. Grande Duke has constitutional power to dissolve the parliament and reinstate a new one. Prime Minister can only recommend the dissolution of parliament to Grande Duke. Legislative power is vested in both the government and the parliament. The people of Luxemburg enjoy considerable political rights.
The judiciary in Luxemburg is independent, however its judges are appointed by the Grand Duke. The main source of the law is the constitution of 1868 (revised few times). The country’s legal system is based on civil law system. Luxemburg accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction. Being member of the European Union, the country’s national law needs to comply with the conditions of the Community legislation. The judicial languages used in Luxemburg are German and French.
Luxemburg is ruled by law. Foreign nationals can expect an impartial trial from the country’s judicial system. The country is largely free from corruption.


Major political parties

Luxembourg has a multi-party system. No one party has a chance of gaining power alone, and parties work with each other to form coalition governments. Some of the major political parties in the country are:
-ADR (Alternative Democratic Reform Party) – a conservative nationalist party with anti-Euro ideology;
- CSV (Christian Social People's Party) – a Christian democratic conservative party with pro-Euro ideology;
- KPL or PCL (Communist Party of Luxemburg) – follows communist ideology;
- DP (Democratic Party) – follows liberal political ideology;
- LSAP (Luxembourg Socialist Workers' Party) – social democrats The Greens – supports environmentalism and sustainable society.


Major political leaders

Grand Duke: HENRI (since October 2000) - hereditary
Prime Minister: Jean-Claude JUNCKER (since January 1995) - CSV, heading a coalition government with LSAP


Next political election dates

Chamber of Deputes: June 2009




Climate

 

 

 


Tourism


Number of visitors in Luxembourg 2004 2005 2006 World rank
Number of visitors (1000) 878 913 ..
Source : World Tourisme Organization, data available in November 2005

 

Tourist sites
-The national Museum of Art and History (Luxembourg),
-The Natur museum (Grund),
-The Clervaux Castle (Ardennes),
-The Museum of the Ardennes battle (Clervaux, Diekirch, Ettelbruck, Wiltz) .

For more information about tourism in Luxembourg , check out the following web site(s) :
Luxembourg Tourism Board
Ministry of Tourism Luxembourg



Food


Traditional dishes
The Luxembourg food is a mixture of French, Belgian and German recipes.
Smoked pork carré
Piglet in jelly
Ham of the Ardennes
Quetsches pie
Soufflé omelet with kirsch
Drinks: white wines of the Moselle.
Luxembourg beers: Mousel, Bofferding, Diekirch and Simon.


Last modified on December 2006

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