Estonia

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Economic Indicators

Economic forecasts - General economic indicators - Investments - Foreign trade

Economic forecasts

Indicators 2007 2008
GDP (USD billion) 20.552 23.268
GDP (constant prices, annual % change) 8 6
GDP per capita (USD) 15 310 17 362
Inflation rate (consumer prices, annual % change) 6 7

Source : IMF - World Economic Outlook Database

General economic indicators

Indicators 2004 2005 2006
GDP (USD billion)(1) 11.903 13.938 16.611
GDP (constants prices, annual % change)(1) 8.3 10.2 11.2
GPD per capita (USD)(1) 8809.955 10343.486 12352.93
Inflation (consumer prices, annual % change)(1) 3 4.1 4.4
Unemployment rate (%)(2)
External debt (USD billion)(3) 6644.025 6259.442 ..
Official exchange rate per USD (period average)(3) 12.59556 12.58379 12.46548

Source : (1) IMF - World Economic Outlook Database,
(2) ILO - Key Indicators of the Labour Market, (3) World Bank - World Development Indicators

GDP per activity sector 2004 2005 2006
Agriculture and fishing (%) 3.81 3.73 3.17
Industry and mining (%) 28.13 28.51 29.07
Services (%) 68.06 67.75 67.76

Source : World Bank - World Development Indicators

Investments

Foreign Direct Investments 2004 2005 2006 World rank (*)
2006
FDI inflows (USD million) 971 2,879 1,674 8/141

Source : UNCTAD - World Investment Report
Note : (*) World Rank = UNCTAD Inward FDI Performance Index.
It is a measure of the extend to which a host country receives inward FDI relative to its economic size.
It is calculated as a ratio of the country's share in global FDI inflows to its share in global GDP.

Foreign Trade

General indicators

Indicators (USD billion) 2004 2005 2006
Imports of goods 8.00 9.63 12.37
Exports of goods 5.98 7.78 9.64
Trade balance -2.02 -1.84 -2.74
Current account -1.46 -1.44 -2.45

Source : World Bank - World Development Indicators

Indicators (%) 2004 2005 2006
Share of foreign trade in GDP 159.7 166.0 169.3
Share of imports of goods and services in GDP 84.0 86.1 89.5
Share of exports of goods and services in GDP 75.8 80.0 79.8
Imports of goods and services (annual % change) 15.2 15.9 14.7
Exports of goods and services (annual % change) 17.1 21.5 10.0

Source : World Bank - World Development Indicators

Trade in goods/services by major category

2005 Imports Exports
Total Trade in Goods (USD billion): 9.63 7.78
Agricultural raw materials 3.6 7.8
Food products 8.8 7.4
Hydrocarbons 6.9 4.4
Manufactured products (chemicals, machines,...) 78.7 77.4
Ores and metals 1.9 2.8

Source : World Bank - World Development Indicators

2005 Imports Exports
Total Trade in Services (USD billion): 1.7 2.8
Transport 42.4 43.2
Tourism 23.4 31.5

Source : World Bank - World Development Indicators

Trade Data, by HS Code
Import Statistics Export Statistics

Source : www.intracen.org, last available data

Trade by partner countries

Main Customers
(% of exports)
 
Finland 18,20%
Sweden 12,30%
Latvia 8,80%
Russia 8,00%
USA 6,60%
Main suppliers
(% of imports)
 
Russia 13,50%
Germany 13,20%
Finland 12,70%
Sweden 7,90%
Lithuania 5,50%

Source : Comtrade, 2006.

Export Entreprises SA
Last update : January 2008
Next update : October 2008