After the FDI flows dropped in 2009 due to the financial crisis which weakened the global economy, their inflows recovered in 2010-2011, but then, they slowed down again in 2012 and 2013. The United States is the world’s number one foreign investor and it remains in the first global rank in terms of receiving FDI inflows. In 2012, FDI reached USD 166 billion. The country offers a predictable and transparent juridical system, highly developed infrastructures and an access to the world’s most lucrative consumer market. Consequently, the country remains the world’s largest economic power, it holds the first place in international finance and is the third most populated country in the world. The United States ranks 4th out of 189 countries according to the classification Doing Business 2014 issued by the World Bank in relation to the quality of its business climate.
|Index of Transaction Transparency*||7.0||6.0||5.0|
|Index of Manager’s Responsibility**||9.0||5.0||5.0|
|Index of Shareholders’ Power***||7.0||5.0|
|Index of Investor Protection****||8.3||6.1||5.0|
Source: Doing Business - Last Available Data.
Note: *The Greater the Index, the More Transparent the Conditions of Transactions. **The Greater the Index, the More the Manager is Personally Responsible. *** The Greater the Index, the Easier it Will Be For Shareholders to Take Legal Action. **** The Greater the Index, the Higher the Level of Investor Protection.
|Foreign Direct Investment||2011||2012||2013|
|FDI Inward Flow (million USD)||223,759||160,569||187,528|
|FDI Stock (million USD)||3,510,395||3,923,969||4,935,167|
|Performance Index*, Ranking on 181 Economies||62||-||-|
|Potential Index**, Ranking on 177 Economies||2||-||-|
|Number of Greenfield Investments***||1,706||1,552||1,615|
|FDI Inwards (in % of GFCF****)||7.9||5.3||6.0|
|FDI Stock (in % of GDP)||22.5||24.0||29.4|
Source: UNCTAD - Last Available Data.
Note: * The UNCTAD Inward FDI Performance Index is Based on a Ratio of the Country's Share in Global FDI Inflows and its Share in Global GDP. ** The UNCTAD Inward FDI Potential Index is Based on 12 Economic and Structural Variables Such as GDP, Foreign Trade, FDI, Infrastructures, Energy Use, R&D, Education, Country Risk. *** Green Field Investments Are a Form of Foreign Direct Investment Where a Parent Company Starts a New Venture in a Foreign Country By Constructing New Operational Facilities From the Ground Up. **** Gross Fixed Capital Formation (GFCF) Measures the Value of Additions to Fixed Assets Purchased By Business, Government and Households Less Disposals of Fixed Assets Sold Off or Scrapped.
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Last Updates: January 2015