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In this page: FDI in Figures | Why You Should Choose to Invest in Poland | Procedures Relative to Foreign Investment | Investment Opportunities


FDI in Figures

According to the UNCTAD 2013 World Investment Report, Poland ranks 14th among the countries deemed most attractive by transnational companies for the period 2013-2015. FDI inflows to Poland reflect the international economic situation. They slowed down following the eurozone crisis of 2012-2013 and should start performing more dynamically upon the economic recovery. Poland figures among the most attractive countries in Europe in terms of FDI.  Its main assets are its strategic position, a large population, its membership in the European Union, economic stability and a fiscal system attractive to businesses.


Country Comparison For the Protection of Investors

  Poland Eastern Europe & Central Asia United States Germany
Index of Transaction Transparency* 7.0 7.0 7.0 5.0
Index of Manager’s Responsibility** 2.0 5.0 9.0 5.0
Index of Shareholders’ Power*** 6.0 9.0 5.0
Index of Investor Protection**** 6.0 5.9 8.3 5.0

Source: Doing Business - Last Available Data.

Note: *The Greater the Index, the More Transparent the Conditions of Transactions. **The Greater the Index, the More the Manager is Personally Responsible. *** The Greater the Index, the Easier it Will Be For Shareholders to Take Legal Action. **** The Greater the Index, the Higher the Level of Investor Protection.

Foreign Direct Investment 201120122013
FDI Inward Flow (million USD) 20,6166,059-6,038
FDI Stock (million USD) 203,111235,113252,037
Performance Index*, Ranking on 181 Economies 40--
Potential Index**, Ranking on 177 Economies 18--
Number of Greenfield Investments*** 312299244
FDI Inwards (in % of GFCF****) 19.86.5-6.1
FDI Stock (in % of GDP) 39.448.048.8

Source: UNCTAD - Last Available Data.

Note: * The UNCTAD Inward FDI Performance Index is Based on a Ratio of the Country's Share in Global FDI Inflows and its Share in Global GDP. ** The UNCTAD Inward FDI Potential Index is Based on 12 Economic and Structural Variables Such as GDP, Foreign Trade, FDI, Infrastructures, Energy Use, R&D, Education, Country Risk. *** Green Field Investments Are a Form of Foreign Direct Investment Where a Parent Company Starts a New Venture in a Foreign Country By Constructing New Operational Facilities From the Ground Up. **** Gross Fixed Capital Formation (GFCF) Measures the Value of Additions to Fixed Assets Purchased By Business, Government and Households Less Disposals of Fixed Assets Sold Off or Scrapped.

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Why You Should Choose to Invest in Poland

Strong Points
A fast-growing economy, location in central Europe, a multilingual and skilled work force whose productivity is rising rapidly and cheap labor costs make Poland an internationally attractive country. Poland also enjoys a well managed healthy economy, which is withstanding the crisis better than other European countries. Unlike other Central European countries, its population did not have to resort to loans in foreign currencies, in particular Swiss, a fact which protects the population from maximum debt.
Weak Points
Slow administrative procedures (according to the World Bank it takes 31days to form a company) and a deficit in the current account are the negative points linked to the Polish economy. The adoption of the Euro, initially planned for 2012 is compromised by the financial crisis and thus delaying the benefits to the economy.
Government Measures to Motivate or Restrict FDI
In April 2002, the Polish Parliament passed a law addressing financial support for investments. A company investing in Poland may receive assistance from the Polish government:
- Investment assistance in Special Economic Zones (SEZ);
- Entrepreneur access to European Union structural funds;
- Creation of industrial and technological zones that enable a synergy of companies working in the same sector;
- Low costs of labor.
In order to face the economic crisis and support long term foreign investments, the Polish government has formulated a stabilization and development plan of Euro 24 billion, particularly to grant credit to small and medium companies and invest in renewable energy sources.
In July 2011, the Act Limiting Administrative Barriers for Citizens and Businesses went into effect, introducing a series of measures designed to diminish the burden of Poland's state bureaucracy. Since 2007, several measures were made in order to improve attractiveness of Poland for foreign investment  Since January 1, 2012, a company can be registered as a limited liability company in 24 hours.

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Procedures Relative to Foreign Investment

Freedom of Establishment
Yes. With few exceptions, foreign investors are guaranteed national treatment.
Acquisition of Holdings
Taking a majority holding in the capital of a Polish company is allowed, as long as an authorization is obtained.
Obligation to Declare
The investment promotion agency in the country gives information about the authorizations necessary for setting up business.
Requests For Specific Authorizations
According to the June 2004 Law on Freedom of Economic Activity, businesses may require governmental authorizations to engage in certain activities. broadcasting, aviation, energy, weapons, mining, and private security services. Following amendments to the law (2008 and 2010) certain activities are regulated: telecom, postal, and courier services; manufacturing of tobacco products; and manufacturing and bottling of alcohol and wine. Finally, purchase of agricultural land is limited.

Learn more about Foreign Investment in Poland on, the Directory for International Trade Service Providers.

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Investment Opportunities

Investment Aid Agency
The Polish Agency for Information and Foreign Investment
Polish Agency for industrial development
Tenders, Projects and Public Procurement
Public Procurement Office
Tenders Info, Tenders in Poland
Ted - Tenders Electronic daily, Business opportunities in EU 27
DgMarket, Tenders Worldwide
Other Useful Resources
Website/Guide to investment
Poland's official website

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Learn more about Investing in Poland on, the Directory for International Trade Service Providers.

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Last Updates: October 2014