According to the UNCTAD 2013 World Investment Report, Poland ranks 14th among the countries deemed most attractive by transnational companies for the period 2013-2015. FDI inflows to Poland reflect the international economic situation. They slowed down following the eurozone crisis of 2012-2013 and should start performing more dynamically upon the economic recovery. Poland figures among the most attractive countries in Europe in terms of FDI. Its main assets are its strategic position, a large population, its membership in the European Union, economic stability and a fiscal system attractive to businesses.
|Poland||Eastern Europe & Central Asia||United States||Germany|
|Index of Transaction Transparency*||7.0||7.0||7.0||5.0|
|Index of Manager’s Responsibility**||2.0||5.0||9.0||5.0|
|Index of Shareholders’ Power***||6.0||9.0||5.0|
|Index of Investor Protection****||6.0||5.9||8.3||5.0|
Source: Doing Business - Last Available Data.
Note: *The Greater the Index, the More Transparent the Conditions of Transactions. **The Greater the Index, the More the Manager is Personally Responsible. *** The Greater the Index, the Easier it Will Be For Shareholders to Take Legal Action. **** The Greater the Index, the Higher the Level of Investor Protection.
|Foreign Direct Investment||2011||2012||2013|
|FDI Inward Flow (million USD)||20,616||6,059||-6,038|
|FDI Stock (million USD)||203,111||235,113||252,037|
|Performance Index*, Ranking on 181 Economies||40||-||-|
|Potential Index**, Ranking on 177 Economies||18||-||-|
|Number of Greenfield Investments***||312||299||244|
|FDI Inwards (in % of GFCF****)||19.8||6.5||-6.1|
|FDI Stock (in % of GDP)||39.4||48.0||48.8|
Source: UNCTAD - Last Available Data.
Note: * The UNCTAD Inward FDI Performance Index is Based on a Ratio of the Country's Share in Global FDI Inflows and its Share in Global GDP. ** The UNCTAD Inward FDI Potential Index is Based on 12 Economic and Structural Variables Such as GDP, Foreign Trade, FDI, Infrastructures, Energy Use, R&D, Education, Country Risk. *** Green Field Investments Are a Form of Foreign Direct Investment Where a Parent Company Starts a New Venture in a Foreign Country By Constructing New Operational Facilities From the Ground Up. **** Gross Fixed Capital Formation (GFCF) Measures the Value of Additions to Fixed Assets Purchased By Business, Government and Households Less Disposals of Fixed Assets Sold Off or Scrapped.
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Last Updates: October 2014