Singapore has based its economic development on a proactive strategy of attracting FDI and trade openness. According to the World Bank, Singapore tops the ranking on Ease of Doing Business. Favorable lending to foreign investors, simple regulatory system, tax incentives, high-quality industrial real estate park, political stability and absence of corruption make Singapore an attractive destination for investment.
According to the UNCTAD 2013 Global Investment Report, Singapore is the 8th largest recipient of FDI in the world, the 3rd largest among countries in East Asia and South-East Asia. In 2013, FDI into Singapore stagnated at the level of 56 billion USD.
The main investors are the United States, the Netherlands, the UK and Japan.
|Singapore||East Asia & Pacific||United States||Germany|
|Index of Transaction Transparency*||10.0||5.0||7.0||5.0|
|Index of Manager’s Responsibility**||9.0||5.0||9.0||5.0|
|Index of Shareholders’ Power***||6.0||9.0||5.0|
|Index of Investor Protection****||9.3||5.4||8.3||5.0|
Source: Doing Business - Last Available Data.
Note: *The Greater the Index, the More Transparent the Conditions of Transactions. **The Greater the Index, the More the Manager is Personally Responsible. *** The Greater the Index, the Easier it Will Be For Shareholders to Take Legal Action. **** The Greater the Index, the Higher the Level of Investor Protection.
|Foreign Direct Investment||2011||2012||2013|
|FDI Inward Flow (million USD)||50,368||61,159||63,772|
|FDI Stock (million USD)||673,033||796,559||837,652|
|Performance Index*, Ranking on 181 Economies||3||-||-|
|Potential Index**, Ranking on 177 Economies||23||-||-|
|Number of Greenfield Investments***||369||384||367|
|FDI Inwards (in % of GFCF****)||81.2||91.7||89.4|
|FDI Stock (in % of GDP)||253.4||288.1||283.2|
Source: UNCTAD - Last Available Data.
Note: * The UNCTAD Inward FDI Performance Index is Based on a Ratio of the Country's Share in Global FDI Inflows and its Share in Global GDP. ** The UNCTAD Inward FDI Potential Index is Based on 12 Economic and Structural Variables Such as GDP, Foreign Trade, FDI, Infrastructures, Energy Use, R&D, Education, Country Risk. *** Green Field Investments Are a Form of Foreign Direct Investment Where a Parent Company Starts a New Venture in a Foreign Country By Constructing New Operational Facilities From the Ground Up. **** Gross Fixed Capital Formation (GFCF) Measures the Value of Additions to Fixed Assets Purchased By Business, Government and Households Less Disposals of Fixed Assets Sold Off or Scrapped.
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Last Updates: November 2014