FDIs currently represent 10% of productive investments, generate one third of the exports and 15% of the total number of jobs. According to the 2013 World Investment Report, Tunisia is among the top 15 destinations for FDI flows in Africa. After a decline in the recent years due to the global recession, the country's socio-political revolution and the crisis in the euro zone, FDIs recovered in 2012, growing by 79% compared to 2011. In 2013, they fell by 24%. The government is hoping for a recovery in foreign investment with the help of the new Investment Code and the tax decisions it contains.
The main investment sectors are textile, computer science, corporate services, energy and tourism. The sectoral distribution today shows a definite orientation towards industrialization.
|Tunisia||Middle East & North Africa||United States||Germany|
|Index of Transaction Transparency*||5.0||6.0||7.0||5.0|
|Index of Manager’s Responsibility**||7.0||5.0||9.0||5.0|
|Index of Shareholders’ Power***||4.0||9.0||5.0|
|Index of Investor Protection****||6.0||5.0||8.3||5.0|
Source: Doing Business - Last Available Data.
Note: *The Greater the Index, the More Transparent the Conditions of Transactions. **The Greater the Index, the More the Manager is Personally Responsible. *** The Greater the Index, the Easier it Will Be For Shareholders to Take Legal Action. **** The Greater the Index, the Higher the Level of Investor Protection.
|Foreign Direct Investment||2011||2012||2013|
|FDI Inward Flow (million USD)||1,148||1,603||1,096|
|FDI Stock (million USD)||31,366||33,406||33,557|
|Performance Index*, Ranking on 181 Economies||76||-||-|
|Potential Index**, Ranking on 177 Economies||86||-||-|
|Number of Greenfield Investments***||40||31||18|
|FDI Inwards (in % of GFCF****)||11.5||15.4||10.0|
|FDI Stock (in % of GDP)||68.2||74.0||70.7|
Source: UNCTAD - Last Available Data.
Note: * The UNCTAD Inward FDI Performance Index is Based on a Ratio of the Country's Share in Global FDI Inflows and its Share in Global GDP. ** The UNCTAD Inward FDI Potential Index is Based on 12 Economic and Structural Variables Such as GDP, Foreign Trade, FDI, Infrastructures, Energy Use, R&D, Education, Country Risk. *** Green Field Investments Are a Form of Foreign Direct Investment Where a Parent Company Starts a New Venture in a Foreign Country By Constructing New Operational Facilities From the Ground Up. **** Gross Fixed Capital Formation (GFCF) Measures the Value of Additions to Fixed Assets Purchased By Business, Government and Households Less Disposals of Fixed Assets Sold Off or Scrapped.
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Last Updates: January 2015