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Import regulations and customs duties  - Distribution - Transportation of goods - Standards - Patents and brands

Import regulations and customs duties

The Decree on Further Development of Foreign Trade Regulation constitutes the legal framework of foreign trade. It touches four reference fields: import, export, compensation, control and authorisations.
Every import that is not submitted to a special authorisation is cleared through customs by means of a declaration made by the local Customs office and must take into account the general regulation of import prices. Imports of radioactive equipment, narcotics and psycho-pharmaceutic products is prohibited. Imports of firearms, explosives, radioactive equipment meant for petroleum industry requires the possession of a license.
Goods can be exported only in exchange for cash payment made for the following products: petroleum, petroleum products, electricity, non-ferrous metals and cotton. The other goods can't be exported on credit terms or as a consignment except after registration with the Ministry of Foreign Trade (MFER/MFT) or with the local Customs Office.


Customs duties
All the goods since July 1997, have been subject to an entry fee of 15%. A limited number of goods is, however, exempted from the entrance fee (5% preferential tariff).
As for excise duties on wine and beer, the government levies 90% excise duty, on other alcoholic drinks 65% and on tobaccos 50%.
Azerbaijan levies export duties at the rate of 70% on certain products.




This country has been independent only for a few years and its direct marketing system is just trying to develop.
The old centralised State system is disappearing. From now on, state enterprises (except in the energy sector) are supplying foreign goods. Independent traders and small stores are prospering. The activity has been developing until now through the intermediary of distributors, agents and thanks to the setting up of representation offices. The government is encouraging foreign investments. There has been no record to any franchise in this country. The government does not impose any price except on bread and fuel and the prices of imported products are generally indicated in US Dollars. The Azerbaijanis are used to negotiate prices.
Storage facilities are limited and can considerably depend on the expected planning of the goods unloading. The notion of after-sale service is unknown to the customs officials of this country exactly as the notion of a guaranteed product or a guaranteed service.
The legal system in this country is not transparent.


Transportation of goods

By road
International communications have been very much disturbed by the political instability in the Caucasus mountains. Two great road axis are situated in the West and in South. The road network extends over 57,700 km including highways of which most are badly maintained.

By rail
The railway lines in the North of the country link Georgia and the Russian frontier. The railways towards Armenia are blocked. The railway line extends over 2,125 km.

By sea
There are communication links by ferry boats between Bakau,Turkmenistan and Iran.

By air
The airport at Bakau is being renovated. There are 69 airports, 29 of which are not transformed.(i.e without asphalted tracks).


The institution responsible for laying down products standards and certification in Azerbaijan is called Azerbaijan State Standardisation and Metrology Centre (AZGOST).
In theory, norms of health and hygiene are applicable to the imported goods and this application is said to be carried out under the control of the country's Chamber of Commerce and Industry.
So far as certification is concerned, there is none of it and there is no request or application has been formulated for the moment.

Patents and brands

After the declaration of independence of Azerbaijan from the USSR in 1991 this country created in 1993, the department of patents and trademarks under the aegis of the Committee of Technology and Sciences (Patent and License Department of the State Committee of Science and Technology)
Azerbaijan is a member of the WIPO and has signed the Convention of Paris (Industrial Property), the Convention of Bern (literary and artistic works), and the universal Convention of the copyright of authors and Eurasian Patent Organization.

Texts currently applying to patents/brands

  Text Date entered into law Period of validity Comment
Patent Patent Act 1977 full patent: 20 years
short term patent: 10 years
Trademark Trademark Act 1994 5 years indefinitely renewable
Patent Patent Act 1996 20 years


Last modified in 2006 - ongoing update
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