Import regulations and customs duties
Customs duties are calculated on the basis of the CAF value of the goods (transit value + packing charges + transport charges).
The country's customs system is subdivided as follows : the first customs duties are calculated on the CIP or CIF value (Cost, Insurance and Freight) and the second customs duties are calculated on a unit basis. For certain items, two types of taxes are combined. This country has signed an agreement of customs union with the Russian Federation, the tariff for the entry of goods strongly differs from the Russian tariff for a series of items.
The rate of customs duty is usually 19%, but a large part of the rate varies from 5 to 15%. A customs fee is also levied at 0.2% of the customs declared value.
Excise duties are levied on the following products : alcohol drinks, tobacco, petroleum products, tourist vehicles, jewels, clothes from animal skin and fur, crystals, salmon and caviar. The rate of excise duty may vary from 7 to 100%.
Transportation of goods
Since 1992, some member States of the CIS (Commonwealth of Independent States) have made laws aimed at protecting consumers and environment. Due to this fact, imported goods are also subject to a system of certification, which corresponds to the technical requirements. Every supplier in Kazakhstan has, therefore, to adapt to these rules relating to the marketing of goods. A large number of machines, equipment and specific products require to be certified. Nearly all food products are subject to certification. If the product is already certified or manufactured according to the international standards, then the certification procedure is faster.
Patents and brands
In the field of intellectual property, Kazakhstan is a signatory member of the following international agreements : The Convention for the creation of World Intellectual Property Organisation, Paris Convention for the protection of industrial property, Madrid Arrangement regarding international registration of trademarks, Patent co-operation Treaty (PCT) and Eurasian Patent Convention. The last three agreements enable to obtain the protection of trademarks or patents in Kazakhstan through registration of applications in Paris or Geneva.