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flag Spain Spain: Operating a Business

In this page: Setting Up a Company | The Active Population in Figures | Working Conditions | Cost of Labor | Social Partners


Setting Up a Company

Sociedad de Responsabilidad Limitada (S.L.), limited liability company.
Number of partners: Minimum 1 partner
Capital (max/min): 3,000 EUR minimum fully subscribed and paid upfront.
Shareholders and liability: Responsibility limited to the contribution amount.
Sociedad Anonima (S.A.), limited company (Incorporated).
Number of partners: Minimum 1 partner
Capital (max/min): 60,000 EUR minimum, fully paid up minimum up to 25% of the total constituted amount.
Shareholders and liability: Responsibility limited to the contribution amount.
Sociedad Colectiva, company in a group's name.
Number of partners: Minimum 2 partners.
Capital (max/min): No minimum capital.
Shareholders and liability: Liability is joint and several and unlimited towards third parties.
The Competent Organization
National Trade Register
Search a Company or a Financial Report
Register of Spanish companies, in Spanish
Setting Up a Company Spain OECD
Procedures (number) 10.0 5.0
Time (days) 28.0 12.0

Source: Doing Business.

Business Setup Procedures
Consult Doing Business Website, to know about procedures to start a Business in Spain.
Central Trade Register

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The Active Population in Figures

Labor force 23,100,00023,110,00023,200,000

Source: CIA - The world factbook

Total activity rate -58.60%59.30%
Men activity rate 68.50%67.40%67.40%
Women activity rate 49.10%51.50%51.60%

Source: UN - United Nations

Employed Persons, by Occupation (% of Total Labor Force) 2008
Manufacturing 15.1%
Construction 11.9%
Real Estate, Renting and Business Activities 10.2%
Hotels and Restaurants 7.2%
Health and Social Work 6.3%
Transport and Storage 5.8%
Education 5.6%
Agriculture, Hunting and Forestry 4.1%
Households with Employed Persons 3.7%
Electricity, Gas and Water Supply 0.6%
Mining and Quarrying 0.3%

Source: International Labor Organization (ILO)

For Further Statistics
Statistics on the labor market from INE
For Further Information About the Labor Market
ILO, International Labor Organization
INEM, Publications of the employment institute
Publications of the Labor Department

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Working Conditions

Legal Weekly Duration
40 hours
Retirement Age
65 or 64 years. In January 2011, a pension reform was introduced, increasing the legal retirement age from 65 to 67 over a 15-year period beginning in 2013.
Working Contracts
The labor contract can be written or oral; for an indefinite period or for a defined duration, training contract, relief contract, termporary contract for work or defined assignment.
For further information, please visit the website of INEM or refer the labor guide from the Department of Labor and Social Welfare.
Labor Laws
Consult Doing Business Website, to obtain a summary of the labor regulations that apply to local entreprises.

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Cost of Labor

Minimum Wage
EUR 748 per month (source: ILO, 2011).
Average Wage
Gross average monthly wage of men: EUR 2,118 (source: ILO, 2011);
Gross average monthly wage of women: EUR 1,640 (source: ILO, 2011).
Social contributions
Social Security Contributions Paid By Employers: 29.9%
Social Security Contributions Paid By Employees: 6.35%

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Social Partners

Social Dialogue and Involvement of Social Partners
There are about forty trade unions (general or regional) and a large number of sector-based / regional unions (gremios). Collective bargaining is widespread in both the private and public sectors. The Constitution guarantees the right to strike, and this right has been interpreted to include the right to call general strikes to protest government policy.
National Labor Union
Association of Trade Unions
Workers' Commission
Unionization Rate
Union membership is low: around 10%. 50% of the working population is covered by collective bargaining agreements.
Labor Regulation Bodies
Department of Labor and Social welfare

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Last Updates: January 2015