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flag Netherlands Netherlands: Operating a Business

In this page: Setting Up a Company | The Active Population in Figures | Working Conditions | Cost of Labor | Social Partners

 

Setting Up a Company

The BV (Belosten Venoostschap met beperkteaansprakelijkhei) is a Private Limited Company.
Number of partners: One or more. It can be constituted of several legal entities or individuals, and 1 shareholder for a BV proprietorship
Capital (max/min): Minimum capital: 18,000 EUR. Up to 20% must be subscribed.
Shareholders and liability: Liability of each partner is limited to the amount of capital contributed.
The NV (Naamloze Vennootschap) is a Public Limited Company.
Number of partners: One or more without limitation in the number of partners
Capital (max/min): 45,000 EUR at least. 20% should represent the subscribed amount and 25% the amount released at the incorporation
Shareholders and liability: Liability is limited to the amount of capital contributed.
The VOF (Vennootschap Onder Firma) is a general partnership.
Number of partners: Minimum 2 without limitation in the number of partners.
Capital (max/min): No minimum capital.
Shareholders and liability: Partners' liability is joint and unlimited.
CV (Commanditaire Vernootschap) is a limited partnership.
Number of partners: Minimum 2 without limitation in the number of partners. 2 types
of partners: active partners and sleeping partners.
Capital (max/min): No minimum capital.
Shareholders and liability: At least one active partners have an unlimited liability. Sleeping partners have a liability limited to the amount contributed.
Bijkantoor is a branch.
Number of partners: No legal entity, it depends on the status of the parent company.
Capital (max/min): No capital is required, if the branch is registered with the Trade Register .
Shareholders and liability: The parent company is liable for actions carried out by the branch except for management which is limited, joint and several.
The Competent Organization
the Trade Register.
Search a Company or a Financial Report
Handelsregister
 
Setting Up a Company Netherlands OECD
Procedures (number) 5.0 5.0
Time (days) 5.0 12.0

Source: Doing Business.

 
Business Setup Procedures
Consult Doing Business Website, to know about procedures to start a Business in Netherlands.
Trade Register

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The Active Population in Figures

201120122013
Labor force 7,809,0007,746,0007,939,000

Source: CIA - The world factbook

 
200920102011
Total activity rate -66.10%64.70%
Men activity rate 72.90%71.50%71.30%
Women activity rate 59.50%58.30%58.30%

Source: UN - United Nations

 
Employed Persons, by Occupation (% of Total Labor Force) 2008
Health and Social Work 16.0%
Real Estate, Renting and Business Activities 13.0%
Manufacturing 11.5%
Education 6.5%
Transport and Storage 6.1%
Construction 6.0%
Hotels and Restaurants 4.0%
Electricity, Gas and Water Supply 0.5%
Mining and Quarrying 0.1%

Source: International Labor Organization (ILO)

 

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Working Conditions

Legal Weekly Duration
37 hours
Retirement Age
67 years
Working Contracts
Regulated by legal clauses and to a lesser degree by collective agreements and individual negotiations. The terms of employment contracts cannot be changed, the conditions for hiring and the limits for dismissal are rather rigid.
Labor Laws
Consult Doing Business Website, to obtain a summary of the labor regulations that apply to local entreprises.

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Cost of Labor

Minimum Wage
EUR 1,435 per month (source: ILO, 2011).
Average Wage
Gross average monthly wage of men: EUR 2,806 (source: ILO, 2010);
Gross average monthly wage of women: EUR 1,612 (source: ILO, 2010).
Social contributions
Social Security Contributions Paid By Employers: 15.90 %.
Social Security Contributions Paid By Employees: 6.45 %.

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Social Partners

Social Dialogue and Involvement of Social Partners
The main trade unions are the FNV (Dutch trade union center) and the CNV (Christian trade union center).
Unions
FNV
CNV
De Unie
List of all Dutch trade unions
Unionization Rate
28 %.
Labor Regulation Bodies
Ministry for Social Affairs & Employment
Confederation of Netherlands Industry and Employers (VNO-NCW)

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Last Updates: October 2014