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flag Poland Poland: Operating a Business

In this page: Setting Up a Company | The Active Population in Figures | Working Conditions | Cost of Labor | Social Partners

 

Setting Up a Company

The Spolka ackjna (SA) is the equivalent of a public limited company
Number of partners: One or more individual or legal persons with no maximum.
Capital (max/min): 100,000 PLZ of which 25% will be paid up on registering. (Minimum nominal value: 0.01 PLZ)
Shareholders and liability: Liability is limited to the amount of capital contributed.
The Spolka zoograniczona odpowiedzialnoscia (ZOO) is close to a limited liability company
Number of partners: One or more individuals or legal persons with no maximum.
Capital (max/min): 5,000 PLZ (Minimum nominal value: 50 PLZ).
Shareholders and liability: Liability is limited to the amount of capital contributed.
Spolka Jawna (RP) is a Registered Partnership.
Number of partners: A minimum of two individuals or legal persons.
Capital (max/min): No restriction on minimal capital.
Shareholders and liability: Unlimited Liability.
Spolka Komandytowa (LP) is a Limited Partnership.
Number of partners: A minimum of two individuals or legal persons.
Capital (max/min): No restriction on minimal capital.
Shareholders and liability: Limited to capital except for general partners (unllimited).
The Competent Organization
The Polish National Court Trade Registry.
 
Setting Up a Company Poland Eastern Europe & Central Asia
Procedures (number) 6.0 6.0
Time (days) 32.0 14.0

Source: Doing Business.

 
Business Setup Procedures
Consult Doing Business Website, to know about procedures to start a Business in Poland.
Polish National Court Trade Registry

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The Active Population in Figures

201120122013
Labor force 17,850,00017,920,00018,220,000

Source: CIA - The world factbook

 
200920102011
Total activity rate -53.70%55.90%
Men activity rate 61.90%64.30%64.30%
Women activity rate 46.20%48.20%48.20%

Source: UN - United Nations

 
Employed Persons, by Occupation (% of Total Labor Force) 2008
Manufacturing 20.4%
Agriculture, forestry and fishing 14.0%
Construction 7.8%
Education 7.5%
Professional, scientific and technical activities 2.6%
Administrative and support service activities 2.3%
Financial and insurance activities 2.2%
Accommodation and food service activities 1.9%
Information and communication 1.9%
Mining and Quarrying 1.5%
Arts, entertainment and recreation 1.2%

Source: International Labor Organization (ILO)

 
For Further Statistics
Office of statistics GUS

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Working Conditions

Legal Weekly Duration
42 hours
Retirement Age
60 for women and 65 for men.
Working Contracts
Legal measures govern work contracts; collective agreements and individual negotiation complete them, but to a lesser extent.
The formality of work contracts and the conditions of hiring and dismissal are extremely rigid.
Labor Laws
Consult Doing Business Website, to obtain a summary of the labor regulations that apply to local entreprises.

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Cost of Labor

Minimum Wage
PLN 1,386 per month (source: ILO, 2011).
Average Wage
Gross average monthly wage of men: PLN 3,831 (source: ILO, 2010);
Gross average monthly wage of women: PLN 3,256 (source: ILO, 2010).
Social contributions
Social Security Contributions Paid By Employers: 19.48% - 22.14%
Social Security Contributions Paid By Employees: 13.71%

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Social Partners

Social Dialogue and Involvement of Social Partners
There are a few unions: the free independent union of Poland (NSZZ), the alliance of all Polish unions (OPZZ) and the Polish union of teachers (ZNP).
Unions

Labor Regulation Bodies
Ministry of labor and social policy

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Last Updates: October 2014