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flag Colombia Colombia: Introduction

Capital: Bogotá D.C. (Capital District)


Total Population: 48,321,405
Natural Increase: 1.3%
Density: 44 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 75.9%
Population of main cities including suburbs: Bogota (8,361,000); Medellin (3,312,000); Cali (2,801,000); Barranquilla (1,871,000); Cartagena (1,240,000); Bucaramanga (956,000).
Ethnic Origins: 64% mixed ethnic origins, 11% Afro-Colombians, 20% white, 3% Amerindians.
Official Language: Spanish.
Other Languages Spoken: There are still approximately 60 Amerindian languages in Colombia, and palenquero which is spoken by the Afro-descendants of the Palenque region.
Business Language(s): Spanish, English.
Religion: Catholics 95.2%, Others 4.8%.
Literacy Rate: 92.8%

Local Time:

It is %T:%M %A In Bogotá

Exchange Rate on :

National Currency: Colombian Peso (COP)

Country Overview

Area: 1,141,748 km²
Type of State: Republic based on parliamentary democracy.
Type of Economy: Lower-middle-income economy, Emerging Financial Market.
Rich in mineral resources; the underground economy is very active.
HDI*: 0.711/1
HDI (World Rank): 98/187

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To Make a Call From Colombia, Dial 005, 007 or 009
To Make a Call to Colombia, Dial To call a landline: +57 then the department code and the 7 figure telephone number. To call a mobile phone: +57 then the number of the mobile phone.
Internet Suffix: .co
Computers: 4.2 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 13.2 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 49.0 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 93.6% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20092010201120122013
Imports of Goods (million USD) 32,89840,68354,67559,11159,397
Exports of Goods (million USD) 32,85339,82057,42060,27458,822
Imports of Services (million USD) 6,8607,9829,41310,63510,971
Exports of Services (million USD) 4,1094,2874,6745,2195,758

Source: WTO - World Trade Organization - Last Available Data.

See the latest updates in the Country Profiles from Colombia.

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Last Updates: October 2014