Population of main cities (including suburbs):
Cairo (14,800,000); Alexandria (4,500,000); Giza (2,900,000).
The Egyptian population is very homogeneous. More than 99% of the population is of Egyptian origin.
Classic Arabic is the official language of the State and only about 50% of the population understands it. The Egyptian Arabic (Masri) is the language spoken by the entire population.
Other Languages Spoken:
Armenian, Domari, Nubian and Dongola.
Egyptian Arabic and English. Some members of the business community also know French and German well.
93.8% of Egyptians are Muslims. The other religions represent 6.2% of the population. The Copts form the main religious minority and the main Christian community of the East.
It is %T:%M %A In Cairo
Exchange Rate on
National Currency: Egyptian Pound (EGP)
Type of State:
Republic based on the constitution of 1971 revised in 2005. The state has a presidential system of government.
Type of Economy:
Lower-middle-income economy; Emerging financial market..
The Egyptian Economy essentially relies on tourism, revenue from the Suez Canal, revenue from private transfers and the export of oil and gas.
HDI (World Rank):
Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.
To Make a Call From Egypt, Dial 00
To Make a Call to Egypt, Dial +20
3.7 per 100 Inhabitants
10.2 per 100 Inhabitants
44.1 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity:
99.6% of the Population
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Last Updates: December 2013