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flag Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia: Introduction

Capital: Riyadh


Total Population: 28,828,870
Natural Increase: 1.9%
Density: 13 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 82.7%
Population of main cities including suburbs: Riyadh (5,855,000); Jeddah (4,500,000); Mecca (2,500,000); Ad-Dammam (2,051,000); Dammam (2,000,000); Medina (1,300,000); Al-Hufuf (784,000).
Ethnic Origins: Arab 90%, Afro-Asian 10%
Official Language:


Other Languages Spoken: English is most widely used. Other languages spoken in Kingdom are Indonesian, Somali, Tagalog, Urdu and Western Farsi.
Business Language(s): Yes, English is widely used as business language.
Religion: Islam is the official religion of Saudi Arabia.
Literacy Rate: 82.9%

Local Time:

It is %T:%M %A In Riyadh

Exchange Rate on :

National Currency: Saudi Riyal (SAR)

Country Overview

Area: 2,149,690 km²
Type of State: Saudi Arabia is an absolute monarchy where the King has supreme powers.
Type of Economy: High-income economy.
It has the greatest reserves and is the leading producer of petroleum in the world.
HDI*: 0.836/1
HDI (World Rank): 34/187

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To Make a Call From Saudi Arabia, Dial 00
To Make a Call to Saudi Arabia, Dial +966
Internet Suffix: .sa
Computers: 14.8 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 16.7 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 54.0 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 99% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20092010201120122013
Imports of Goods (million USD) 95,552106,863131,655155,593163,892
Exports of Goods (million USD) 192,314251,143364,735388,370376,000
Imports of Services (million USD) 47,03950,99654,95449,88950,166
Exports of Services (million USD) 9,42810,35111,11610,57511,752

Source: WTO - World Trade Organization - Last Available Data.

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Last Updates: February 2015