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flag Greece Greece: Introduction

Capital: Athens


Total Population: 11,032,328
Natural Increase: -0.5%
Density: 86 Inhabitants/km²
Urban Population: 77.3%
Population of main cities including suburbs: Athens (3,216,000); Thessaloniki (798,000); Patras (190,000); Iraklion (150,000); Volos (120,000).
Ethnic Origins: Greek 93%, foreign citizens 7%.
Official Language: Greek
Other Languages Spoken: French and English.
Business Language(s): Yes
Religion: Orhodox Christians: 98%
Muslims: 1.3%
Others: 0.7%.
Literacy Rate: 96.0%

Local Time:

It is %T:%M %A In Athenes

Exchange Rate on :

National Currency: Euro (EUR)

Country Overview

Area: 131,960 km²
Type of State: Greece is a republic based on a parliamentary democracy. Greece (official name: Hellenic Republic) was a monarchy until 1974. Greece is a Constitutional State. However, a certain number of NGOs have communicated their concerns about immigrants and the members of religious minorities in particular. Foreign nationals can, usually, expect a fair trial in legal matters. There is a substantial level of corruption in the country, in particular among the police and in the business sector – corruption in Greece is the most widespread among the member countries of the European Union.
Type of Economy: High-income economy, OECD member.
Tourism is the dominant sector; significant unofficial economy; very high deficit and debt ratio since the economic crisis
HDI*: 0.853/1
HDI (World Rank): 29/187

Note: (*) The HDI, Human Development Index, is an Indicator Which Synthesizes Several Data Such as Life Expectancy, Level of Education, Professional Careers, Access to Culture etc.


Telephone Code:
To Make a Call From Greece, Dial 00
To Make a Call to Greece, Dial +30
Internet Suffix: .gr
Computers: 30.5 per 100 Inhabitants
Telephone Lines: 47.8 per 100 Inhabitants
Internet Users: 56.0 per 100 Inhabitants
Access to Electricity: 100% of the Population

Foreign Trade in Figures

Foreign Trade Indicators 20092010201120122013
Imports of Goods (million USD) 67,77563,79360,86763,20262,154
Exports of Goods (million USD) 20,46921,71331,68335,47936,493
Imports of Services (million USD) 19,44119,87519,21015,75814,428
Exports of Services (million USD) 37,38537,58839,64534,96236,810

Source: WTO - World Trade Organization - Last Available Data.

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Last Updates: January 2015